The objective of the study is to propose the development strategies that will strengthen the national territorial competitiveness of Korea by encouraging growth of the mega-economic region. This study defines and proposes the development strategies in terms of five critical characteristics: spatial structure, polycentric urban-region system, leading industries, transportation infrastructure, transborder regional cooperation and a cooperative governance system. We formed these proposals after extensive research on mega-economic region-related theories and policy cases, a determinant analysis and surveys.
When we compared the mega region indices of OECD members with Korea, we found that Korea's mega-economic region lags behind their competitors in terms of GRDP, advanced producer service levels, R&D investment in universities and research institutes, and international patent levels.
The key factors of regional competitive growth by population size level were shown as follows: pre-advanced technology manufacturing under 5 million people; human capital and innovation within 5 to 8 million people; regional spatial structure and quality of life over 8 million people. The critical success factors of economic competitiveness per capita income were as follows: pre-advanced technology manufacturing within 10,000 to 20,000$; advanced and knowledge-based services within 20,000 to 30,000$; and advanced services and R&D investment in universities and research institutes within 30,000 and 40,000$. Meanwhile, the expert survey results found that the competitive factors differed considerably between the regions: improvement in quality of life and efficient spatial structure in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA); high-tech manufacturing and R&D investment in the Chungcheong, Honam, Daekyeong, and Southeast areas; the construction of infrastructure and the optimum population size in the Kwangwon area; advanced services industry and improvement in quality of life in the Jeju area.
To increase the global competitiveness of mega-economic regions, the spatial structure needs to be arranged efficiently. Instead of excessive monocentralization, there needs to be greater levels of specialization and connectivity of the core city with small and medium-sized cities. Crucially, links with city-regions in and around the hub (core) city should be promoted.
In order to enhance global competitiveness of leading industries, clusters between companies and universities should be formed in accordance with industrial characteristics. It is particularly necessary to establish relationships between small and large companies with customers and suppliers, to build various cooperation models, to offer individual support and to encourage the launch of businesses with strong external linkage.
Building a mega regional transportation infrastructure based on a corresponding master plan and improving global access through development of comprehensive networks all need to be encouraged.
Transborder Regional Cooperation between mega-economic regions can be vitalized by extensive collaboration in economic, industrial and infrastructure fields. To achieve this, central and regional governments have to mutually support administrative, financial and legal regulations and establish cooperative organizational systems.
Finally, there needs to be increased efforts to build cooperative governance systems: the common establishment of vision and strategy; the establishment of cooperative organizations accompanied by public-private participation; the introduction of institutional contracts for strong inter-local collaboration; the formation of expert, influential megaeconomic region committees; and institutional support from the central government.
- 국토의 글로벌 경쟁력 강화를 위한 광역경제권 발전방안 연구(A study on mega-economic region development to promote Korea's national territorial competitiveness)
- 김동주; 권영섭; 안홍기; 구정은; 최인혜; 전성연
국토의 글로벌 경쟁력 강화를 위한 광역경제권 발전방안 연구(A study on mega-economic region development to promote Korea's national territorial competitiveness)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2009-36|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|