The success of a sustainable development depends on how much it considers the natural environment when it is implemented. In 2003, the Framework Act on National Territory, and the Act on Planning and Use of National Territory were enacted, both of which have sustainable development as their fundamental vision. They support environment-friendly planning, and advocate the 'planning prior to development' principle. However, the controversy over degradation of the natural environment under the Acts has continued. This study has been initiated in this context.
Therefore, this study has been carried out for the 'regular' natural environment within development sites such as New Towns, instead of protected areas. To be specific, the study aims to suggest institutional frameworks to reduce degradation of the natural environment within development sites, such as green areas, hill areas, streams and landscapes. Under well-planned development, these sites may remain connected with the surrounding ecosystem even after the development.
It is a follow-up study of the 'Study on the linkage of spatial planning and environmental planning system toward sustainable development' conducted in 2002 by the Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements. The study had its focus on the above linkage, aiming at establishing environment-friendly territorial plans. In other words, it targeted prevention or minimization of environmental degradation. However, the study, while dealing mostly with the directions and methods for the linkage, has failed to suggest the implementing tools for the linkage. Consequently this study has its focus on the concrete tools to be utilized for minimizing environmental degradation based on the 2002 study.
The scope of this study is plan establishment and environmental performance assessment, and does not include design, construction or post managerial process during which environmental degradation still occurs. This is because generally, they are related to technology and construction costs. In addition, the study scope includes projects of housing site development, road construction, river and stream maintenance, and housing site development in suburban areas. The main focuses of the study are relevant institutions, related reports, expert study on the causes of environmental degradation, and status of environmental degradation explored based on case studies.
The study identifies five types of environmental degradation that was dealt with in previous studies and under relevant legal institutions. Then, it comes up with the operational definition of environmental degradation based on the comparison of the concepts and scopes of environmental degradation covered in previous studies and relevant institutions local and abroad. Based on the definition, the study limits the scope of the research to green areas, river and stream, topography and ecosystem.
The study has selected projects based on which the types of environmental degradation can be identified, and after going through relevant institutions, planning and field studies, it tried to identify the causes of environmental degradation. The selected projects are four types: projects for housing development, housing complex development in suburban areas, road construction, and river and stream maintenance. The study explores the limitations of current related laws and regulations, and major contents of the development plans. In addition, it identifies the actual status of environmental degradation through field studies. Referring to experts' opinions on this, the study tries to disclose the causes of environmental degradation.
- 국토의 자연훼손 진단 및 대책에 관한 연구(Spatial development and environmental degradation: Countermeasures focusing on planning process and institutionalization)
- 최영국; 이범현 외
국토의 자연훼손 진단 및 대책에 관한 연구(Spatial development and environmental degradation: Countermeasures focusing on planning process and institutionalization)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2006-21|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment|