The Korean government enacted a new law, The National Land Planning and Use Law in the end of 2001. It is the fused version of the existing two laws, National Land Use and Management Law enacted in 1972 and Urban Planning Law enacted in 1962. The new law introduced Land Suitability Assessment(LSA) for the first time in order to coordinate various controversies occurring on land such as conflicts between private rights versus public needs, between development versus sustainability, and between the generations. This study aims basically to review the theoretical basis on implementing LSA and thus to devise its conceptual framework for managing national land both efficiently and equitably.
This study is consisted of seven chapters. Following the Introduction, Chapter 2 reviews the definition of LSA. LSA is to assess land according to its physical, locational, economical, and environmental characteristics, and then to classify it into several categories based on its usability.
In Chapter 3, the historical development of LSA is traced. Its historical root can be found in the soil type classification system in 1930s. Its technique has developed from containing physical characteristics into assessing land' s socio-economic-ecological ones. Now, it becomes a prerequisite for designing land use planning, one of whose purpose is to minimize the negative externality in land use activity. In addition, the importance of LSA is gaining new recognition as the land use planning tool of both sustainable and ecological term.
Chapter 4 evaluates the current situations and problems related to LSA and land classification system of Korea. Several systems similar to LSA have existed in Korea. For instance, Land Use Zoning has been classified pursuant to the National Land Use and Management Law, Urban Planning Law, Forest Law and Agricultural Law. Land Capability Classification has been made according to soil types. Natural Vegetation Map and Natural Ecological Map have been made on the basis of the distribution of vegetation and wild animals. However, land use zoning and LSA have never been made systematically based on their mutual linkage until the enactment of The National Land Planning and Use Law in December 2001. The new law stipulates that LSA should be conducted in making land use planning within the Management Region. In other words, the legal base for implementing LSA is provided by this law. Thus it is required to make a framework and provide guiding standards for implementing LSA on the national land management level.
Chapter 5 surveys other countries' LSA systems including USA, Canada, and Japan. The Land Capability Classification System of USA developed in 1930 is the most commonly used suitability classification on the world. However it focuses mainly on the productivity of soil based on the physical characteristics such as soil type, erosion, etc. So it has limitations applicable for the planning base. Thus, Land Evaluation and Site Assessment(LESA) has been developed in 1981, and used as a tool for protecting farmland from being converted for urban uses. It has been used as a base for land use planning as well. LESA is composed of two parts; LE is to assess the soil productivity while SA is to assess the factors affecting land uses including the neighbour' s land use, development pressure, etc. Thus, LESA can be said as a integrated suitability assessment methods, which incorporate various factors covering from physical to socio-economic and locational factors.
- 국토의 효율적 관리를 위한 토지적성평가에 관한 연구(Land suitability assessment system for effective management of national land resources)
- 채미옥; 지대식
국토의 효율적 관리를 위한 토지적성평가에 관한 연구(Land suitability assessment system for effective management of national land resources)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2001-33|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|