Countries around the world strive to protect and conserve their natural and ecological resources by designating protected areas since these areas play a primary role in securing sound and sustainable ecosystems as the most important ecological resources of the nation. In Korea, diverse protected areas have been designated and managed to date by different government bodies and municipalities pursuant to different laws. This has resulted in many protected areas being designated in a region for similar purposes by different government agencies. Overlap in protected area designation has not been a major problem in itself; however, regarding this, several crucial issues have been raised such as damage to natural resources, inconvenience inflicted to residents within protected areas, and ineffectiveness in managing the areas.
Under this backdrop, this study has been carried out to classify types of protected areas based on their characteristics, and suggest the most effective management tools that are suitable for the protected area concerned. To achieve those goals, firstly, this study analyzed the designation purpose of the eleven protected areas of Korea on the basis of eight individual laws. Secondly, the study conducted an on-the-spot survey and interviews among residents and officers in charge of managing protected areas several times. Thirdly, the study established principles and standards for categorizing types of protected areas through foreign case studies of Japan, Germany, the U.S., Australia, Spain and Austria. Finally, the study suggested both practical and desirable ways to manage protected areas, with respect to managing natural resources and visitors, in particular.
In several respects, this study is differentiated from previous studies that are focused on only specific types of protected areas. That is, the study tries to identify comprehensive issues in diverse protected areas, categorizes the types and then, proposes efficient management strategies that are suitable for different types of protected areas.
This study consists of six chapters and the main contents except for the introduction and conclusions are summarized as follows;
Firstly, the study discovers that there are no clear-cut designation criteria or differentiated management methods in Korea in that a categorized management system that considers specific characteristics of protected areas does not exist in the nation. As a result, essential ecosystems have been impaired because people cannot clarify where the management responsibility lies. This results from the complicated manner involving government agencies and municipalities in protected areas. Moreover, residents living within protected areas are suffering from excessive restrictions followed by a spatial or functional overlap in protected areas. Under these circumstances, the national budget is not used in a timely manner. All this reveals that the current system is an apparent example of ineffective management.
- 국토자원의 효율적 관리를 위한 보호지역의 위계정립 및 관리방안(Category classification and systematic management of protected areas for effective territorial resources management)
- 김명수; 최영국; 전대윤; 박정은; 서연미
국토자원의 효율적 관리를 위한 보호지역의 위계정립 및 관리방안(Category classification and systematic management of protected areas for effective territorial resources management)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2007-12|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development
Territorial Development < Environment