National Geographic Information System(hereafter NGIS) project, which started from 1995, has significantly contributed to improving national informatization and competitiveness. Many digital maps including topographic maps, land parcel maps, and thematic maps were created in conjunction with NGIS project. Now the governments use those maps for internal works and civil services. Citizens can access to those maps through the Internet and eve through the cellular phones.
However, the NGIS has revealed some limitations, such as insufficient National Spatial Data Infrastructure(NSDI), lack of interoperability, and low level of information sharing. Besides, it also has limitations on adopting new technologies.
The roots of these problems lie in the incompleteness of the Act of NGIS(hereafter NGIS Act). Thus it is necessary to improve the NGIS Act in order to solve current problems and to cope with rapidly changing environment.
If it is clear that we need to innovate the NGIS Act, then, what should it include? The answer to this question is that we should pay attention to the definition, standard, partnership, and distribution of 3D based national framework data. The production of framework data should be based on formal standards so that everyone can use them in the diverse computing environment. At the same time, framework data should be easily updated and shared. Cooperation among data producers and information sharing systems are also essential conditions. To make things work, such notions are reflected in the law. Standard, partnership and information service are defined as National Spatial Data Infrastructure(NSDI) in this research. NSDI consists of framework data, standardization, partnership, distribution, and law.
There are three alternatives for improving NGIS Act. The first is to add National Spatial Data Infrastructure related contexts in the current NGIS Act. The second is to make a new law, tentatively called NSDI Act, that substitutes NGIS Act. The third is to amend all laws related to GIS and make a new law. The first alternative has the highest feasibilities and the lowest effects on the problems. The third alternative has the highest effects and the lowest feasibilities. Thus, the second measure is the most satisfactory and reasonable solution.
- 국토정보 관련 법제 발전방안(Improving legislation for geospatial information)
국토정보 관련 법제 발전방안(Improving legislation for geospatial information)
국가공간정보기반 구축을 중심으로(Focusing on the NSDI)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2006-13|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < IT
Territorial Development < National Land Development