Reform in current land use system is in progress to prevent unplanned indiscriminate developments and to enhance transparency in land management system since last year. Cost share in public facilities is one of major issues in new land use system.
Although National Land-Use and City Planning Law has been proposed to create legal ground for new land use system, there is still a long way to go to finalize the reform of current land use system.
This study, therefore, focuses on the following six parts to adopt and to efficiently manage development impact fee system for public facilities in new land-use system. First, literature reviews indicate that the most efficient method to share the cost of public facilities is to impose the burden on beneficiaries. However, it proves to be difficult to measure the benefit generated by newly constructed public facilities and to ensure a temporal connection between one pays and one receives the benefits.
Second, rational and definite standard should be applied to determine types of public facilities subject to development impact fee. Since, similar concept is applied to many other facilities, administrative authority tends to implement development impact fee at its own discretion.
Third, the scope of development activities subject to impact fee should be established to avoid the conflicts with other relevant laws. Cost share of public facilities should not be huge burden to one who pays, and it should not be subject to double-taxation with other similar fees. Development impact fee should be implemented efficiently and cost-effectively. Furthermore, it should be clarified on which roads are financed by impact fee and how they are constructed when impact fee is used to finance the projects.
Forth, jurisdiction where the fee is imposed should be established based on beneficiaries of newly constructed public facilities where collected fund applied. Plan to impose impact fee should be devised based on specific land use plan and pre-planned development scheme, and it should include financial delivery plan by central and local government.
Fifth, rules on mandatory imposition of impact fee should be revised and separate account should be kept for collected fee to secure rational grounds for financing public facilities by impact fee.
Finally, this study concludes that, in order to efficiently implement development impact fee, 1) it should not be huge burden to one who pays, 2) it should not be subject to double taxation, 3) transparency in impact fee system should be guaranteed, and 4) rational ground to implement impact fee should be secured. In the long run, development impact fee should lead to planned urban development for urban growth and management.
- 기반시설부담제도 운용기준 작성 연구(A study on the introduction of development impact fee system for public facilities in new land-Use system)
- 정우형; 지대식
기반시설부담제도 운용기준 작성 연구(A study on the introduction of development impact fee system for public facilities in new land-Use system)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2001-52|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development
Territorial Development < Environment