1. The Korean labour market has created many jobs over the past several decades, accompanying rapid economic growth. Even after the financial crisis of 1997/98, which led to a sharp hike in the unemployment rate, the recovery of employment was rapid and strong. However, the recovery went hand-in-hand with a rapid increase of non-regular or atypical forms of employment. This trend has raised much concern in Korean society about the risk of persistent labour market duality or segmentation. 2. Although the term non-regular workers is widely used in Korean economic literature, among policy makers and in the media, a full consensus on the definition is lacking, as different data sets are collected and published via different surveys. Elements of the definition may include the temporary nature of employment, part-time work, and the lack of entitlement to bonus pay and various employer allowances. The various uses of the term in Korea are discussed in the Annex, and the report itself presents data using these variable definitions. For purposes of international comparison, it also tries to distinguish the temporary element separately.
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