In recent years, the environment surrounding R&D activities has been dramatically changing. Due to the growing technological complexity and technological convergence, it is becoming difficult and inefficient for a company to develop all technologies and components required for providing new products or services by itself. Thus there are many interchanges of IPR between researchers, and they are become important process of R&D. This change brings about alteration of IPR value from temporary monopoly power granted to IPR owners to just a letter of guarantee for IPR exchange. In a traditional notion, IPR is expected to play a role as a means for transferring ideas and technologies from one entity to another, in addition to acting as a means for excluding others from using companies' own ideas and technologies. But in recent notion, it plays various roles, and it grows up IP business industry. Since 2000s, we have been faced with many news related with patent litigation. It means that IP business extends to litigation model over manufacturing, licensing, etc. Especially, it became a
significant diversion point of recognition about IP business scopes to advent of NPEs with notorious name as “Patent Troll”.
In this report, we study five types of IP business: IP management, IP trading, Aggressive IP strategy, Defensive IP strategy, and IP-based financing. IP management type services on IP strategy advice, patent evaluation, portfolio analysis, licensing advice, etc. IP trading type supports business models for IP transfer and online IP auction, TLO, etc. Aggressive IP strategy type includes patent pool, IP licensing, and NPEs. Defensive IP strategy type is recruiting defensive patent aggregation funds and presents needs for sharing of eco-patent. And IP-based financing type collects fund related with innovation. There will be unpredictable diversified models in future IP business. So we should prepare strategies to win many value-added in IP business. To do so, first, we should reform law systems to enhance IP business power. And there need many policy programs to improve system based on the IP business types, such like training of IP experts, R&D plan based on IP, advanced technology transfer programs, TLO support, incentive model, and activating VC based on IP. In order to promote innovation throughout the entire society in this open innovation era, enhancing the smooth circulation of IP, notably patents, is critical. In these circumstances, both public authorities and private IP specialist firms are playing an important role for facilitating the diffusion of knowledge and technology. In particular, the activities of IP specialist firms will become more crucial.
- 지식재산비즈니스 모델 전망과 성장동력화 방안(Types of IP(Intellectual Property) business and competitive acquisition strategies)
- 손수정; 임채윤; 장병열; 유헌종; 박미영
지식재산비즈니스 모델 전망과 성장동력화 방안(Types of IP(Intellectual Property) business and competitive acquisition strategies)
[서울, 한국] : 과학기술정책연구원
|Series Title; No||정책연구 / 11-22|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < IT
Industry and Technology < Science/Technology