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국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)

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  • 국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)
  • Lee, Se-Jun이세준; 홍사균; 황석원; 양승우; 김치용; 오동훈; 신나윤
  • 과학기술정책연구원


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Title 국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, Se-Jun

Author(Korean)

이세준; 홍사균; 황석원; 양승우; 김치용; 오동훈; 신나윤

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2011-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 11-11
ISBN 978-89-6112-156-9
Pages 203
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to provide of building direction for future-oriented
based on analysis of science and technology policy and budget coordination system
in major countries. This study was done through interviews with experts of government
department and National Science and Technology Commission(NTSC).
This report has four major parts; those are 1) science and technology policy and
budget coordination system in major countries, 2) status of planning and coordination
system for science and technology policy, 3) government R&D budget allocation and
coordination system, 4) improvement direction for main issue.
The science and technology policy and budget coordination system analysis of major
countries includes United States, Japan, Finland with their R&D budget coordination
system status and comparison of science and technology policy among them.
Particularly, U.S.A., shows available system building for performance maximization
of efficient integration on program performance evaluation and R&D budget coordination
through the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART).
The issue of Planning and coordination system of science and technology policy
are the follows; those are 1) lack of collectively policy planning and coordination
system, 2) non-contradiction of science and technology law, 3) policy efficiency degradation
due to excessive competition of Interagency.
There are controversies between National Science and Technology
Commission(NTSC) and Ministry of Strategy and Finance(MOST) in terms of effectiveness
of government R&D budget allocation and coordination about setting the
scope for the target program. Also, in order to clear is required to checks and structuring for complicated government policies in science and technology.
This paper drew five suggestions to improve its budget allocation and coordination
in governmental R&D programs. First, consultation channel should be set up for enhanced
National Science and Technology Commission(NTSC) position. Second, in
order to
Science and Technology Law should be improved. Third, in order to use its
self-evaluation results of national R&D programs, the government needs to set up
for feedback system of R&D programs and policy evaluation results. Fourth, the plan
for stable R&D budget is required for efficiency to improve in medium-term financial
planning systems of R&D sector. Last, preliminary feasibility study of Science
and Technology R&D program needs to be improved.