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국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)

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  • 국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)
  • Lee, Se-Jun이세준; 홍사균; 황석원; 양승우; 김치용; 오동훈; 신나윤
  • 과학기술정책연구원


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Title 국가 과학기술정책 및 R&D 예산 조정체계 개선방안(Initiatives for improving the science and technology policy and budget coordination system)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, Se-Jun

Author(Korean)

이세준; 홍사균; 황석원; 양승우; 김치용; 오동훈; 신나윤

Publisher

[서울, 한국] : 과학기술정책연구원

Date 2011-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 11-11
ISBN 978-89-6112-156-9
Pages 203
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원
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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to provide of building direction for future-oriented based on analysis of science and technology policy and budget coordination system in major countries. This study was done through interviews with experts of government department and National Science and Technology Commission(NTSC).
This report has four major parts; those are 1) science and technology policy and budget coordination system in major countries, 2) status of planning and coordination system for science and technology policy, 3) government R&D budget allocation and coordination system, 4) improvement direction for main issue. The science and technology policy and budget coordination system analysis of major countries includes United States, Japan, Finland with their R&D budget coordination system status and comparison of science and technology policy among them. Particularly, U.S.A., shows available system building for performance maximization of efficient integration on program performance evaluation and R&D budget coordination through the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART).
The issue of Planning and coordination system of science and technology policy are the follows; those are 1) lack of collectively policy planning and coordination system, 2) non-contradiction of science and technology law, 3) policy efficiency degradation due to excessive competition of Interagency. There are controversies between National Science and Technology Commission(NTSC) and Ministry of Strategy and Finance(MOST) in terms of effectiveness of government R&D budget allocation and coordination about setting the scope for the target program. Also, in order to clear is required to checks and structuring for complicated government policies in science and technology.
This paper drew five suggestions to improve its budget allocation and coordination in governmental R&D programs. First, consultation channel should be set up for enhanced National Science and Technology Commission(NTSC) position. Second, in order to Science and Technology Law should be improved. Third, in order to use its self-evaluation results of national R&D programs, the government needs to set up for feedback system of R&D programs and policy evaluation results. Fourth, the plan for stable R&D budget is required for efficiency to improve in medium-term financial planning systems of R&D sector. Last, preliminary feasibility study of Science and Technology R&D program needs to be improved.