콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Industry and Technology Science/Technology

Print

과학기술혁신 활동 측정의 과학화의 대응과제(Science of measurement of STI activities and its challenges)

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • 과학기술혁신 활동 측정의 과학화의 대응과제(Science of measurement of STI activities and its challenges)
  • Jang, Yongsuk; Kim, Seokhyun; Seong, Jieun; Cho, Kawo; Yang, Changhoon; Lim, Hayan황용수; 장용석; 김석현; 성지은; 조가원; 양창훈; 임하얀
  • 과학기술정책연구원


link
Title 과학기술혁신 활동 측정의 과학화의 대응과제(Science of measurement of STI activities and its challenges)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Jang, Yongsuk; Kim, Seokhyun; Seong, Jieun; Cho, Kawo; Yang, Changhoon; Lim, Hayan

Author(Korean)

황용수; 장용석; 김석현; 성지은; 조가원; 양창훈; 임하얀

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2008-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 08-20
ISBN 978-89-6112-062-3
Pages 220
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

This study is an initiate of a longer-term research purporting to improve
evidence bases for effective science, technology and innovation (STI) policies
in Korea and a number of expected branching-out efforts inspired by this
study. In its first year, this study specifically aims to survey the-state-of-the
art of evidence bases in measuring science, technology and innovation (STI)
activities and to identify challenges for improving its evidence bases.
In order to achieve these goals effectively, firstly, it reviews background
concepts and theories to develop an analytical framework for the overall
study. This framework identifies three broad thematic domains that are to be
tackled in a sequence throughout the longer-term research. They are: i)
measurement of STI activities, ii) diagnosis of STI system, and iii) evaluation
of STI policy. To a considerable extent, these thematic domains overlap in
their scopes and interactively related towards establishing overall evidence
bases for effective STI policy. In order to pave the longer-term effort, this
study, as an initial effort, focuses primarily on measuring STI activities
including such as R&D activities/outcomes, innovation activities, and
activities for STI linkages. The other two thematic domains are to be focused
in later years and a comprehensive discussion on all three domains are to be carried out in the final year.
In addition to conceptual and theoretical reviews, secondly, this study
widely surveys the worldwide trends and efforts related to fortifying evidence
bases for effective STI policy. They include the 'Science of Science Policy
(SoSP)’ and the related programs in the United States, the ‘Innovation
Strategy’ and the NESTI (Natinal Experts on Science and Technology
Indicators) activities in OECD, and Eurostat, ERAWATCH, Cordis and so on
in the European Union. Despite all different terms, purposes and scopes, they
all commonly purport to establish and/or reinforce sound and robust evidence
bases for better STI policy by improving measurements of STI activities.
Based on the surveys of worldwide efforts, thirdly, this study carefully
analyzes the state-of-the-art knowledge in measuring STI activities in terms
of structural frameworks, analytical elements, developed indicators, adopted
methodologies, identified strengths and limitations. From various statistical
and/or surveys carried out in advanced countries and communities, it finds
diversity of their approaches but common trends from input-focused to
outcome-focused, to innovation-focused, and to process-focused
measurements of STI activities. Despite well-advanced practices in measuring
STI activities in all such cases, they are also far from providing useful and
timely measurements for effective STI policies because of ever-evolving
complex natures of modern innovation including such as open innovation,
globalization, non-technical innovation, service sector innovation, etc. A
global collaboration is on order for overcoming these global challenges.
Compared the Korean status quo to the state-of-the-art practices in
providing ‘evidence bases’ for effective STI policy, finally, this study
identifies some critical challenges that should be tackled in longer term. First,
Korea needs to focus on linking scattered data by improving classification
and coding system. Second, Korea needs to focus more on linking data and
indicators to STI policy needs. Third, Korea needs to improve the quality of
STI evidences. Fourth, Korea needs to produce more process and outcome
metrics and data. Fifth, Korea needs to develop and widen expert
communities for STI measurement. Sixth, Korea needs to develop and
improve effective coordinating mechanism among diverse providers of STI evidences. Seventh, Korea needs to increase investment on infrastructure and research for robust STI ‘evidence bases’.