This study is an initiate of a longer-term research purporting to improve evidence bases for effective science, technology and innovation (STI) policies in Korea and a number of expected branching-out efforts inspired by this study. In its first year, this study specifically aims to survey the-state-of-the art of evidence bases in measuring science, technology and innovation (STI) activities and to identify challenges for improving its evidence bases. In order to achieve these goals effectively, firstly, it reviews background concepts and theories to develop an analytical framework for the overall study. This framework identifies three broad thematic domains that are to be tackled in a sequence throughout the longer-term research. They are: i)measurement of STI activities, ii) diagnosis of STI system, and iii) evaluation of STI policy. To a considerable extent, these thematic domains overlap in their scopes and interactively related towards establishing overall evidence bases for effective STI policy. In order to pave the longer-term effort, this study, as an initial effort, focuses primarily on measuring STI activities including such as R&D activities/outcomes, innovation activities, and activities for STI linkages. The other two thematic domains are to be focused in later years and a comprehensive discussion on all three domains are to be carried out in the final year.
In addition to conceptual and theoretical reviews, secondly, this study widely surveys the worldwide trends and efforts related to fortifying evidence bases for effective STI policy. They include the 'Science of Science Policy(SoSP)’ and the related programs in the United States, the ‘Innovation
Strategy’ and the NESTI (Natinal Experts on Science and Technology Indicators) activities in OECD, and Eurostat, ERAWATCH, Cordis and so on in the European Union. Despite all different terms, purposes and scopes, they all commonly purport to establish and/or reinforce sound and robust evidence bases for better STI policy by improving measurements of STI activities. Based on the surveys of worldwide efforts, thirdly, this study carefully analyzes the state-of-the-art knowledge in measuring STI activities in terms of structural frameworks, analytical elements, developed indicators, adopted methodologies, identified strengths and limitations. From various statistical and/or surveys carried out in advanced countries and communities, it finds diversity of their approaches but common trends from input-focused to outcome-focused, to innovation-focused, and to process-focused measurements of STI activities. Despite well-advanced practices in measuring STI activities in all such cases, they are also far from providing useful and timely measurements for effective STI policies because of ever-evolving complex natures of modern innovation including such as open innovation, globalization, non-technical innovation, service sector innovation, etc. A global collaboration is on order for overcoming these global challenges. Compared the Korean status quo to the state-of-the-art practices in providing ‘evidence bases’ for effective STI policy, finally, this study identifies some critical challenges that should be tackled in longer term. First, Korea needs to focus on linking scattered data by improving classification and coding system. Second, Korea needs to focus more on linking data and indicators to STI policy needs. Third, Korea needs to improve the quality of STI evidences. Fourth, Korea needs to produce more process and outcome metrics and data. Fifth, Korea needs to develop and widen expert communities for STI measurement. Sixth, Korea needs to develop and improve effective coordinating mechanism among diverse providers of STI evidences. Seventh, Korea needs to increase investment on infrastructure and research for robust STI ‘evidence bases’.
- 과학기술혁신 활동 측정의 과학화의 대응과제(Science of measurement of STI activities and its challenges)
- Jang, Yongsuk; Kim, Seokhyun; Seong, Jieun; Cho, Kawo; Yang, Changhoon; Lim, Hayan황용수; 장용석; 김석현; 성지은; 조가원; 양창훈; 임하얀
과학기술혁신 활동 측정의 과학화의 대응과제(Science of measurement of STI activities and its challenges)
[서울, 한국] : 과학기술정책연구원
|Series Title; No||정책연구 / 08-20|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Science/Technology|