Competition between nations has been taken the form of competition between cities since the realization of local autonomy and the globalization tendency. The age of unlimited competition between cities provides our cities with opportunities to link directly with the world and raise the urban productivity and efficiency. When cities do not adapt themselves to the change, the international competitive advantage of our nation will be weakened and the domestic regional disparity will be deteriorated. Facing the changing environment, issues on the regional competition have been studied lately. They have been, however, limited only to comparisons between Seoul and foreign cities or among domestic metropolitan areas. Comparisons between cities which will be core units for competition have not been studies.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the competitive advantage between cities and identify the size of the gap between them. This enables to check the adaptability of individual cities to the changing environment and provide the basic information and directions for the national and urban policies for the balanced regional development. In addition, the guidelines towards the ideal allocation of the urban functions ca be explored by abstracting weaknesses, potentials, and peculiarities of cities.
The study defines the competitive advantage of cities as the totality of energy which includes socio-cultural, economic, and physical bases founded by a city in its natural and artificial environment on which citizens, enterprises, and city government can create future values. Based on this definition, the determining factors of the competitive advantage of cities are categorized into the energy of urban actors, environment, and urban bases which are classified again into socio-cultural, economic, and physical bases.
After considering theoretical or empirical validity and checking data availability based on the framework of these concepts, final measurement variables for each category are chosen and converted into standardized scores after unit adjustments according to the natures of each ariable. Data for the analysis was collected for 44 cities, each with a population is greater than 100,000 in the nation with a base year of 1994. Factor analysis which is a statistical technique to abstract factors efficiently from complex data set was chosen as a measurement method.
Ranks presenting the competitive advantage between cities by each category were determined according to the calculated factor scores. The result revealed the serious difference between Seoul and other cities. The gap is also remarkable among Seoul, other cities within Seoul metropolitan region, and other metropolitan cities, showing the phenomena of unipolar concentration. The sectoral analysis about the comparative advantage and weakness for 44 cities based on the results might help establish urban policies for the future.
- 도시경쟁력 비교분석에 관한 연구(A study on the competitive advantage of cities)
- 유재윤; 조판기
도시경쟁력 비교분석에 관한 연구(A study on the competitive advantage of cities)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 96-14|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|