Citizen participation in the process of city planning and urban development has been not more than formality. Though there is a legal stipulation for participation and various channels such as public hearing, public review, explanatory meetings are institutionalized, participation is very much limited and minimal in actual planning process.
However, upon the full establishment of local autonomy and the wide recognition of the need of citizen movement in a society, the planning concept has changed from top-down approach to collaborative approach and government and citizen partnership is becoming imperative.
The primary purpose of the present research is three-fold; ⅰ) to critically review the problems of participatory elements of city planning and implementation process, ⅱ) to analyze the successful and failure cases of citizen participation, home and abroad, and to draw the fundamental elements, and ⅲ) to provide policy directions leading to more constructive government and citizen partnership in city plan making and its implementation.
Types of citizen participation are categorized by participating method, participating stage, and participating entity and policy direction are provided accordingly. The key message of the study is to encourage formalization of informal types of participation and eventually to induce and support self-initiated and collaborator participation. Participation in the preparatory stage of planning and in the final evaluation stage should be institutionalized. A set of policy ideas enhancing the public interest and understanding of the complicated nature city planning is suggested. Government support, technical as well as financial, is emphasized.
- 도시계획과정에서 시민참여방안 연구(Citizen participation in the process of city planning and its implementation)
- 김현식; 이영아
도시계획과정에서 시민참여방안 연구(Citizen participation in the process of city planning and its implementation)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 96-12|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|