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도시계획과정의 GIS기반 주민참여 모형 개발 및 적용방안에 관한 연구(GIS-based public participation in urban planning: Design of prototype web2.0 site and policy implications)

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  • 도시계획과정의 GIS기반 주민참여 모형 개발 및 적용방안에 관한 연구(GIS-based public participation in urban planning: Design of prototype web2.0 site and policy implications)
  • 서기환; 신동빈; 이왕건; 김동한
  • 국토연구원


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Title 도시계획과정의 GIS기반 주민참여 모형 개발 및 적용방안에 관한 연구(GIS-based public participation in urban planning: Design of prototype web2.0 site and policy implications)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

서기환; 신동빈; 이왕건; 김동한

Publisher

경기도:국토연구원

Date 2008-12
Series Title; No 국토연 / 2008-34
ISBN 89-8182-492-4
Pages 225
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Industry and Technology < IT
Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding 국토연구원

Abstract

Recently, the need for public participation in the process of spatial planning and policy establishment has been on the rise; hence, the need for the government to devise proper and practical measures to enhance public participation has been increasingly raised. Considering the meaning and importance of public participation in such planning process, the current system to allow citizens to participate in the process lacks practicality.
However, it is notable that changes in the socio-cultural trends in participation, and information and technology (IT) development provide means to meet the social needs for public participation. This study seeks to develop a model for GIS-based public participation in the urban planning process and to present a means to apply the model, along with suggestions for improving the public participation-based urban planning system.
The study is composed of three parts. The first part deals with the theory and case studies; it reviews the urban planning system, GIS-based public participation, the Web 2.0 technology and study trends from a theoretical perspective. To be specific, in regard of urban planning system, the study examines public participation procedures, scope, and development process. In regard of GIS-based public participation, the study reviews the background of introduction of GIS-based public participation along with the concept, and examines the theory on public participation type as the core of the model development. Regarding Web 2.0, the technological background, the study explores how relevant technology trends can be used for public participation in the planning process in association with GIS. For the review of the research trends, the study examines previous research on public participation in the process of plan and policy establishment by dividing the research approach into two categories: studies of a traditional urban planning approach and studies employing IT. Through the review of previous studies, the difference of this study has been highlighted. In addition, the study draws problems with the current public participation system and the methods, which have been raised in previous studies.
The second part deals with development of the model for GIS-based public participation in the urban planning process. To establish the framework for model development, the study divides the types of public participation into participation type, participating body, participation stage and participation level. The detailed classification is shown in .
For the model development, the study uses public participation type as the framework of the model, and has drawn a model based on a technological review of the model functions through joint research with specialized agencies. Basically, the model consists of semi-systematic participation wherein public participation is possible anytime, and systematic participation including planning and evaluation stages, in terms of procedures for urban management plan establishment.
Semi-systematic participation consists of a permanent opinion presentation model and an information provision model. Systematic participation is composed of a plan proposal participation model, a public opinion listening model, and a notification & exhibit model. The detailed models categorized by the four frameworks classifying the participation types are summarized below;
First, according to the participation type, the detailed modes are categorized into the systematic participation type focusing on the legal and systematic urban planning process and the semi-systematic participation. The rest is omitted.

User Note

이 연구보고서의 내용은 국토연구원의 자체 연구물로서 정부의 정책이나 견해와는 상관없습니다.