In 2003, the Act on Planning and Use of National Territory was enacted unifying the existing Urban Planning Law for urban areas and National Land Use and Management Law for non-urban areas. This was originally triggered by the need for the establishment of the 「Plan-led Development」system, which is aimed at both the prevention of uncontrolled urban sprawl to non-urban areas, and plan-based development and conservation of the national land. It has been 4 to 5 years now, and the system has yet to become full-fledged. Once a development plan is publicly announced for a specific area, the land prices of the area sharply rise and money starts to move for housing speculations. This is an inevitable dilemma for long-term development projects in general, since it is not practically possible to develop the whole project site place by place. This study argues that the core reason of this dilemma is the inefficient land use control under the Urban Land Management Law, and unbalance in the relations of the tripod, Urban Comprehensive Plan, Urban Land Management Plan and Urban Development Project.
The Urban Land Management Plan can be understood as the ‘land use conversion’. From a precise legal perspective, it means the conversion of the use of a land from one originally designated under the planning law. It means that the role of the Urban Land management Plan System including the conversion of land use is to directly control the land use behaviors for a specific land on a legal basis. Therefore, the change of the Urban Land Management Plan means the change in the range of land use behaviors; as a result, it may lead to a subjective decision on land prices. In brief, even before land prices are decided on through the land market, the Urban Land Management Plan may change and fix the price of a land.
The top-down hierarchical relationships among the Urban comprehensive Plan, Urban Land Management Plan and Urban Development Project, should be transformed so that each of them, with the unique function and role of its own, may stand on equal footage as each other in the triangular paradigm. For the transformation, it is essential to improve the land use control functions under the Urban Land Management Plan. The strong basis of the land use management functions under the Urban land Management Plan, enables the Urban Comprehensive Plan to achieve its goals as a long-term plan. And the Urban Development Project may obtain its objectives under the conditions under which the consensus of the locals may be expected on diverse development projects in a timely manner.
As mentioned earlier, the primary purpose of the study is, by enhancing the functions of the land use control under the Urban Land Management Plan, to direct the country’s urban planning system towards the equal relationships among the Urban Comprehensive Plan, Urban Land Management Plan and Urban Development Project, from the present top-down ones. Another purpose is to implement a sustainable development of the overall national land, and achieve human settlements that are livable by re-establishing the urban planning system and improving the land use control functions under the Urban Land Management Plan.
In addition, the study intends to strengthen the role of the society under the Urban Land Management Plan through its precise, fair and equitable implementations. The fairness among local constituents should be achieved since the urban planning system functions as a land use control method. And the planning system should serve as an effective device to acquire a synergistic effect through social consensus. (The rest is omitted.)
- 도시관리계획의 토지이용관리기능 제고방안 연구(Study on the improvement of land use control functions by urban land management system)
- 박재길; 박은관; 박세훈; 조춘만; 안용진; 오기현
도시관리계획의 토지이용관리기능 제고방안 연구(Study on the improvement of land use control functions by urban land management system)
토지개발 용도 및 밀도관리를 중심으로
[경기도] : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2006-22|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|