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S&T collaboration in developing countries : Lessons from Brazilian collaboration activities with South Korea

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  • S&T collaboration in developing countries
  • Fink, Daniel; Hameed, Tahir; So, Minho; Kwon, Youngsun; Rho, Jae Jeung
  • Science and Technology Policy Institute


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Title S&T collaboration in developing countries
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Lessons from Brazilian collaboration activities with South Korea

Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Fink, Daniel; Hameed, Tahir; So, Minho; Kwon, Youngsun; Rho, Jae Jeung

Publisher

Seoul:Science and Technology Policy Institute

Date 2012-10
Journal Title; Vol./Issue STI Policy Review:vol.3(no.2)
Pages 19
Subject Country Brazil(Americas)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding Science and Technology Policy Institute

Abstract

An active policy role is suggested for collaboration that will enhance national level Science and Technology
(S&T) capabilities. In contrast, some studies see a limited role of policy support for collaborative S&T
research at the individual level (including research groups or institutional levels) due to their self-organizing
nature. Two views on S&T collaboration look at different levels but existing research largely ignores the
context of developing countries. This paper shows how S&T collaborations between Brazil and Korea have
developed over the past two decades. The paper indicates the gaps between initiation and the actual establishment
of collaborative research at national and individual levels, differences in the focus areas of research,
differences in resources and project planning, and the nature of collaborations. Collaborative research activities
at the national level were initiated before the individual level but activated later than the individual level;
in addition, the focus areas of research were laid down earlier at the national level with individual collaborations
focused on different areas. Project types remained different at each level (i.e. top-down and bottomup)
or with a slightly changing mix. This study suggests appropriate policy measures (such as the timely and
effective information collection of activities at different levels and proactive coordination) that could reduce
the gaps in the timing and alignment of research areas. This paper also alludes to an evolutionary model to
develop S&T collaboration among developing countries.

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