Culture was regarded as an activity which created the spiritual value, so it was not been included in the sphere of industry. As the cultural desire of people, however, has been increased as well as the consumption level of people, popular culture has been developed and has take the form of an industry.
Nowadays the culture industry has been recognized as a ‘new industry’ of great promise and soft infrastructure which is a basic condition for the development of the knowledge-based industry. However, if the industry is dominated by the cultural commercialism, the loss of cultural value and the vulgarization of culture might be occurred.
Urban culture is an important factor which determined the quality of life and the competitive power of a city. However, the concentration of the culture industry to the Metropolitan City, especially, the Capital Circle Area of Seoul deteriorates the disparity problem among the regions.
Every city has the unlimited opportunity because urban culture reflects the regional peculiarities and comparative differences and is not evaluated by the standard criteria. In this context, the culture industry of city might play an important role to solve the regional disparity problem. To develop the urban culture industry which is very important in the senses of both industry and national land policy, regional approach or spatial approach should be emphasized as well as sectoral approach. In the regional approach, the urban identity might be developed into the urban culture and culture industry of city.
Recently the interests in the culture industry has been focused on the high technological culture industry from the viewpoint of sectoral approach, but the issue of urban and regional policies related with the urban culture have not been discussed enough. the various policies of the individual local governments lack the long-term strategy and tend to be unrealistic and fragmentary.
The purpose of the study is to provide the local government with the basic direction and the strategic guidelines for the policy-making to develop the culture industry of city in more effective and sound way.
First of all, the concepts of the culture, the culture industry, and the urban culture industry are discussed. In this study, the culture industry of city is classified into the manufacture-type culture industry and the service-type culture industry. The manufacture-type culture industry is the industry in which the goods are transferred to the consumers of various places. The service-type culture industry is the industry in which the services are consumed by the visiting consumers at the specific places. The supply process of the culture is also classified into creation, manufacture, and distribution. To analyze the urban culture industry in more integrated and organized way, the study covers the both types of the culture industry over the whole process of the culture supply.
The study derives the significance and problems of the culture industry of city by reviewing the history and the situation of the industry. The methodology of the study consists of theoretical approach and empirical approach. The theoretical part of the study focuses on the cultural economics and the city marketing. The empirical part of the study introduces the various experiences of domestic and foreign culture industry of city. The strategies to develop the culture industry of city are abstracted from the various experiences with the theoretical framework.
Each city should identify its peculiarities which is the most representative and commercial through the place audit. In some cases it may create the identity. In general, the manufacture-type industry requires the existing manufacturing base and general locational advantages. (The rest is omitted)
- 도시문화산업의 육성방안(Strategies for the culture industry of city)
- 유재윤; 진영효; 김형국
도시문화산업의 육성방안(Strategies for the culture industry of city)
도시마케팅적 접근을 중심으로
[경기도] : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 00-56|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < General
Territorial Development < National Land Development