Waterfronts refer to the belt-shaped space where lands about waters along shorelines, largely categorized into river, lake and coastal waterfronts. This study aims to research especially urban river waterfronts among them.
As of the end of 2002, towns in level of city blocks, which have national rivers and regional 1st class rivers, are 58 of total 232 towns in level of city, country and ward blocks in Korea. There are 22 inland cities where rivers flow inward, which are divided into three types: cities where rivers flow through the CBD(Central Business District) areas, outskirts or downtown.
The urban waterfronts in Korea have caused various problems in urban planning with rapid urbanization and industrialization since the 1970s such as occupants’ indiscriminate development, and conflicts and competition in development. Most developed countries have utilized and improved urban waterfronts with efficient projects to solve urban problems since the middle 1960s. However, Korea has begun to establish strategies to tackle these problems just since the middle 1990s.
As a result, Korea has insufficient institutional system, projects and studies related to urban waterfronts. There are few local governments’ ordinances and riverside landscape development plans which are being established in the two cities of Seoul and Jinju.
For utilization of waterfronts including river districts, improvement of the spatial arrangement, and conservation and sustainable development of natural environment, this study suggests to designate both sides of lands which reach as far as 500m from river zone as “riverside district” and include it into the objects of the urban planning law. Waterfronts should be divided for the efficient management into front riverside districts and rear riverside districts which reach as far as 100m from boundaries of waterfronts and between 100m and 500m from the boundaries respectively.
The range of waterfronts is determined with reference to the cases of landward coastal zone, riverside zone and riverside region which are stated in the coastal zone management act, river act, and laws related to Han River and other four rivers. It also refers to cases of some districts which are zoned based on the actual territorial size of Korea in other laws and opinions of experts like relevant public officials. According to the current date of foreign countries, relatively many countries have set the range of waterfronts not exceeding 500m.
In accordance with the analysis of the rearrangement and development of urban waterfronts in developed countries, there are useful methods which can be applied to manage urban waterfronts in Korea: expanding and linking parks and green zone within waterfront, establishing pedestrian road system, integrating of esplanades and green zone, controlling passing transportation securing accessibility between the inside and outside of waterfronts, deploying public squares, shopping malls, and tourism and cultural facilities in a concentrated arrangement, improving the quality of water, excluding the industrial function of waterfronts, conserving the traditional culture and history, and adopting building codes such as the building-to-land ratio, floor area-to-land ratio and building height restrictions and height controls of landscape and skylines around waterfront.
This study suggests four enhancement strategies to utilize and improve urban waterfronts which are divided into front riverside districts and rear riverside districts: first, an enhancement strategy for land use efficiency provides detail zoning and facilities. Second, an enhancement strategy for accessibility to waterfront presents regulations on construction of roads on bank, types of roads, distance between driveways and between pedestrian roads, the width of driveways and pedestrian roads, way to separate drive ways and pedestrian roads, and construction of parking lots. (The rest is omitted)
- 도시수변공간의 이용특성 분석 및 개선방안 연구(Policies for the waterfront development in urban area)
- 정석희; 황성수
도시수변공간의 이용특성 분석 및 개선방안 연구(Policies for the waterfront development in urban area)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2002-26|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|