Recently, efficient national land use to enhance national competitiveness is emerging as a national policy agenda. As a policy to realize this, deregulation on farmland and mountainous district for expansion of urban land supply is now promoted. On the other hand, with an excessive rice supply, national rice inventory increases overall, causing increased financial burden for the public reserve.
In this situation, an argument that agriculture promotion areas should be cancelled and provided as urban sites is suggested from some circles. That means land price falls and national competitiveness rises in that way. Also, some contend that excessive rice supply is caused by surplus farmlands which should be reduced. On the contrary, there suggested a strong opposition that insists reduction of farmlands is impossible. The reason is, once a farmland is conversed, it is hard to be returned to the original use. Hence, this research aims at verifying the validity of these arguments, and based on this, suggesting developmental plans for the farmland preservation policy that promotes smooth supply of urban site and effective preservation of superior farmland.
In the second chapter, an argument that agriculture promotion area should be cancelled to increase supply of urban sites is verified theoretically and empirically. As a result, it is concluded that validity of this argument is hard to be verified for the following reasons. First, it is because if agriculture promotion area is cancelled, the overall urban land price will not be reduced. Theoretically, when agriculture promotion areas are cancelled, expectation for development increases speculative demand, and it also leads to increased land price. Empirical analysis shows that as cancelled restricted development areas and urban areas increase by 10㎢ at the same time, national land price rather increases slightly by 0.022%. Second, it is because when agriculture promotion area is cancelled, developmental potential of the land increases, and the price also increases than before. In response, not only production costs rise but smooth promotion of public project gets difficult. Third, it is immoderate to make agriculture promotion areas that are superior farmlands into a source of urban sites. Superior farmlands fall behind urban sites in the ability to pay rent, so it is unlikely to expect efficient land use allocation by market. That is the reason why agriculture promotion area, a land use regulation is imposed inevitably.
In the third chapter, an argument that farmland areas should be reduced because there is excessive rice supply is verified. The result is, the argument is seen invalid for the following reasons. First, the investigation on the reason of unbalanced rice supply and demand was performed, and it is found that surplus rice supply is not because of excessive farmland areas but because of excessive rice cultivation areas. Second, it is hard to conclude that there are excessive farmland areas, because even though there is surplus rice supply, the overall grain self-sufficiency rate is merely 26.7%.
In fourth chapter, principals and standards to coordinate conflicts among each domain of national land utilization are suggested to prevent such conflicts from happening. That is, in diversion of farmlands or mountainous districts for urban sites supply, social benefits from supplying urban sites should be bigger than social cost from diversion of farmlands or mountainous districts. Moreover, the demand for urban sites should be met by developing undeveloped areas or low density development areas to high density. Next, farmlands with inferior physical agricultural conditions in altitude or lope and semi-preserved mountainous districts with low preservation value should be developed. Superior farmlands and preserved mountainous districts development should be restricted only for public use so that development for other purpose can be minimized. (The rest is omitted)
- 도시용지 공급확대에 따른 농지관리정책의 발전방향(Policy directions for farmland management coping with expansion of urban land supply)
도시용지 공급확대에 따른 농지관리정책의 발전방향(Policy directions for farmland management coping with expansion of urban land supply)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2010-54|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|