The primary purpose of the present study is five-fold: ⅰ) to review the concept of quality of life (QOL) and to propose a set of key components and indices of QOL in cities, ⅱ) to analyze the level of QOL and the discrepancies among cities, ⅲ) to explore the relationship between the size of the city and the level of QOL, ⅳ) to compare the level of QOL among OECD member countries, ⅴ) and to discuss policy issues and directions to improve the QOL in cities.
The study divides QOL into physical(PQOL) and non-physical(NQOL) types. PQOL is composed of three components: economic aspect, convenience, and locational attributes. NQOL includes two components of education and culture, health and safety. Under these key component groups, 35 indices were selected to analyze the level of QOL in 72 cities. It was found that between 1995 and 1998, there was no statistically significant improvement of the level of QOL in general and that the gap among cities was not reduced.
To explore the relationship between the size of the city and the level of QOL, the study classified the cities into five population groups: Seoul, cities with more than 1 million population, cities with 0.5 to 1 million, cities with 0.1 to 0.5 million, and cities with less than 0.1 million. Among these, cities with 0.5 to 1 million population showed the lowest level of QOL and the slowest improvement. The small cities with less than 0.1 million population exhibited the fastest betterment.
One of the interesting findings of the study was that the population size of 0.5 million marked the critical turning point or thresh hold in the relationship of QOL and the city size in Korea. Other than Seoul, cities with less than 0.5 million showed better PQOL than those with more than 0.5 million. For the case of NQOL, cities with less than 0.5 million displayed higher level in education and culture component, whereas cities with more than 0.5 million were better in health and safety component.
The study also introduced the concept of Korean Dream City(KDC). KDC is a hypothetical city with the highest value of each indices involved. The comprehensive index of QOL(QOLI) for each city was calculated by measuring the vector combined, multi-dimentional distance between KDC and each city. The result of the analysis of QOLI was consistent with the first stage finding that overall level and the gap among cities were not improved over the period between 1995 and 1998. Both in 1995 and in 1998, the order of QOLI, from highest to lowest, was Seoul, cities with more than 1 million, cities with less than 0.1 million, cities with 0.1 to 0.5 million, cities with 0.5 to 1 million population.
To roughly compare the level of QOL of Korean cities with those of other countries, a comparative analysis of QOL among OECD member countries was attempted. It was the national comparison and the premise was that the national QOL was the total sum of QOL in cities. It was found that the overall level of QOL in Korea was about the level of national income and lowest except Mexico, Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. The level of income distribution, informatization, education and Human Development Index (HDI) was better than overall ranking and health and especially safety aspect of QOL appeared to be worst among all indices considered. (The rest is omitted)
- 도시의 삶의 질에 관한 연구(Quality of life in cities)
도시의 삶의 질에 관한 연구(Quality of life in cities)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2001-63|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development
Social Development < Social Welfare