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Human capacity issues along the STEM pipeline

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  • Human capacity issues along the STEM pipeline
  • Melkers, Julia
  • Science and Technology Policy Institute


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Title Human capacity issues along the STEM pipeline
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Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Melkers, Julia

Publisher

Seoul:Science and Technology Policy Institute

Date 2010-06
Journal Title; Vol./Issue STI Policy Review:vol.1(no.2)
Pages 18
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Social Development < Education
Holding Science and Technology Policy Institute

Abstract

The development and maintenance of human capacity in economies is critical to long term
competitiveness, but also for the overall health and environment of regions. Yet, human science
and technology-based capacity is multidimensional and has interrelated characteristics
which present certain policy challenges. This paper addresses a range of issues specific to a
discussion on human capacity in S&T. First, the paper emphasizes the importance of acknowledging
the complexity of human capacity issues and how they evolve along the STEM
(science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) pipeline. The pipeline is an often used reference
to describe the training and development in STEM disciplines, from early childhood education,
to more advanced training, and finally to professional collaboration and interaction
and serves as a useful organizing framework for the discussion of capacity along the career
evolution process. Second, the paper offers an organizing framework for discussion of policy
mechanisms that have been developed to address issues and gaps that occur along this STEM
pipeline. Specifically, it contrasts the traditional mechanisms of building human capacity in
STEM areas with newer “gap filling” and integrated approached to addressed human capacity
disparities and priorities. Third, the paper addresses core challenges in human capacity in
STEM, including the education and training, participation of women and underrepresented
groups, brain drain/brain circulation issues, and the globalization of science. The paper concludes
with a discussion of policy implication for the development of human capacity.

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