This study suggests an economic supporting systems to procure, protect and utilize valuable Open Spaces in urban fringe areas. The economic supporting system could be an alternative techniques to replace existing land use regulation and an eminent domain that are used to procure and protect green areas and private open spaces in urban area until now. It also could be very efficient tools to procure valuable green areas or open spaces in urban area until now. It also could be very efficient tools to procure valuable green areas or open spaces with low public budget or funds.
Chapter 2 tries to define the concept of green area/ open spaces that discussed in this study and legal/spatial boundary for case study. The study classifies the economic supporting system into 4 types; indirect, direct, passive and active economic supporting system. The study also defines economic supporting systems as a system that supplies the various economic benefits to landowners as a reward.
Chapter 3 deals with conflict cases between development and conservation of green area that occurred in Seoul Metropolitan area such as Keiyangsan in Inceon city and gobongsan wetland in Goyang city. This chapter analyzes the areas where are designated as green areas or parks in cities and compared them with completed ones as parks. The study also reviews the problems of existing urban green policy and legal system. The problems could be elicited from professional’s survey including professors and officials of local and central government as well as several conferences conducted to elicit the issues and solutions. The study also examined the similar cases of Japan and US. In case of Japan, contract or agreement based on green area conservation system are reviewed. In case of US, Purchase of Development Rights(PDR), Conservation Easement(CE) and Transfer of Development Rights(TDR) are reviewed.
Chapter 4 aims to establish mechanism for practical application of economic supporting system. Selection criteria and procedures could be summarized as several items. First, occupation of private open space should be divided into regulation, taking and economic supporting land. Second, minimum period for contract/agreement between public organization and landowners should be more than 10 years. Third, mixture of direct and indirect economic supporting system is desirable approach. The study also estimates approximate cost and suggests the required government revenue/fund. It will be several problems to implement the economic supporting system extensively at present. So the solution divided into long term solution and short term.
Chapter 5 explains the reason why the economic supporting system should introduce positively at present and suggests the task should solve in the process of the institutionalization. Activation of economic supporting systems needs to institutional support of central and local government including financial, administrative and legal support. Ensuring the adequate hierarchy and role in planning system is necessary in order to settle down planning tools.
Chapter 6 summarizes the various effects and limitations of economic supporting system. The limitation is, first of all, that the lack of awareness about economic support programs both citizen and local government’s officials. In addition, this study did not conduct a practical case study focused on a specific city. The task will be conducted the following researchers.
- 도시주변부 녹지지역의 계획적 관리를 위한 경제적 보상방안에 관한 연구(Economic suporting programs to pretect valuable open spaces in urban fringe area)
- 이왕건; 최혁재; 이범현
도시주변부 녹지지역의 계획적 관리를 위한 경제적 보상방안에 관한 연구(Economic suporting programs to pretect valuable open spaces in urban fringe area)
수도권 기성시가지 주변부 보존용도 녹지공간을 중심으로
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2007-15|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|