The purpose of this research is to provide and analyze the systematic information
for supporting policy establishment and decision making of the government R&D
investments. As a continuing research, it covers policy informations for strategic
R&D planning, efficient R&D budget allocation, effective R&D & human resource
management and building solid infrastructure of science and technology.
This report has four major parts; those are R&D portfolio analysis of governmenta
R&D investments, public-private partnership, network analysis of human resources in
governmental R&D programs, social capital research for science and technology
The governmental R&D investment analysis of major countries includes United
States, Japan, China with their R&D investment outlooks and comparison of R&D
budgets among them. Especially in U.S.A., defense R&D of 2011 was reduced by
increasing more budgets in non-defense R&D. Also the R&D investment of basic
and applied research amounts to 61.6 billion dollars by expanding 3.28 billion
dollars. However, the R&D budget of development research amounts to 81.5 billion
dollars, which is 3.5% reduced amount of 2010 budget.
The dimensions of R&D portfolio analysis are socio-economic needs, green technology,
and standard industrial classification. The R&D database from the National
Technical Information Service(NTIS) has been utilized. It was the ‘economic and industry
development’ where the most investments were made: 30.2% of national R&D funds were invested into this category. And for the green technology, it was the
‘High Efficiency Technology’ that has the largest portion among the ‘Five Major
Green Technology R&D Fields’: 57.1% of national funds were invested into this
category. It was the ‘Development Research Promotion’ that the most investments
made in the status by ‘standard industrial classification · R&D stage Fields’: 44.1%
of national R&D funds were invested into this category. Most of R&D investments
have been made in ‘electronic parts’, ‘computer’, ‘video, sound and communications
equipment manufacturing’ industries.
To improve the relationship in Public-Private Partnership(PPP), a review of the
PPP performance was conducted. In the 2009, joint project with companies and other
entities was enhanced and the increasing rate of companies participation of the
National R&D program was 21.0% which means cooperation of ‘industry-academyresearch
institute’ became the most popular type of the R&D program.
The main purpose of participation for companies was the ‘searching for the knowledge
solution on the technical bottleneck’. Most companies(85%) in the survey replied
with satisfaction and revealed that they succeeded the business achievement.
The highest reply(43.6%) about the stage of commercialization of the developed
technology through the R&D program was ‘Preparation of commercialization’.
To develop the effective operation of R&D support system and researchers network,
social network analysis(SNA) was introduced. The findings are as follows: The
first, types and characteristics of the research institute were quite varied with the research
area. The second, the characteristics of research area were main criterion in
determining the number of participants and projects. The third, the new research cooperation
model has to be invented by analyzing existing joint research project network
for obtaining the useful insight in establishing policy.
Finally, we carried out a survey to evaluate the degree of social capital in science
and technology community. The social capital was composed of four categories such
as trust, social norms, network and social structure in science and technology. The
result shows that trust relationship among the researchers was built up entirely but
cohesion of professional researchers community should be reinforced for boosting the
efficiency of Korea governmental innovation system.