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스마트 전문화의 개념 및 분석틀 정립(Smart specialisation) : Concept and framework

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  • 스마트 전문화의 개념 및 분석틀 정립(Smart specialisation)
  • Lee, Jeong Hyop이정협
  • 과학기술정책연구원


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Title 스마트 전문화의 개념 및 분석틀 정립(Smart specialisation)
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Concept and framework

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Lee, Jeong Hyop

Author(Korean)

이정협

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2011-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 11-24
ISBN 978-89-6112-177-4
Pages 118
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Europe(Europe)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

This study provides the theoretical and analytical framework to critically
review the regional R&D investment, to diagnose the regional innovation
programs and to propose alternative approaches in Korea based on the smart
specialisation concept. The major outcomes of the study are drawn from the
active participation of the OECD working group on the smart specialisation,
which will be operating from June of 2011 to December of 2012.
The concept was defined as an entrepreneurial discovery process, when it was
proposed by a group of experts of the Knowledge for Growth (K4G) to overcome
serious problems facing EU nations and regions which continuously loose their
competitiveness and structural limitations of EU R&D funding. Since inception
of the concept, it has now evolved to a collective network of nations and regions
to reflect diverse policy demands and socio-political changes.
The Korean government has increased regional R&D investment and developed
various programs. This has resulted in outstanding quantitative achievements such
as papers, patents, etc, although the innovation process was not institutionalized
to create a critical mass to sustain economic growth in Korean regions. It is
strongly necessary to reform the Korean regional R&D investment programs, to
which the concept is expected to contribute.
The OECD smart specialisation working group has developed strategic
monitoring tools of specialisation profiles and governance mechanism profiles
thanks to the committed efforts of the Belgian expert group. The specialisation
profiles are composed of three indexes such as science, technology and economy. Smart governance templates were also proposed to manage the discovery process
of smart specialisation and provide policy guidelines to activate the process,
which is still under the revision among the working group experts. The collective
efforts of the working group will be continued to provide intelligent governance
strategies to reposition nations and regions in global value chains and to
effectively coordinate previously fragmented policies.
The study suggests five policy agenda items for successful application of the
smart specialisation concept and its wide adoption in Korean regions;
establishment of a smart specialisation organization, provision of an official smart
specialisation paper based on a critical review of Korean regional innovation
programs, organization of out-reach workshops of smart specialisation, promotion
of pilot projects of smart specialisation, and design and operation of smart
specialisation programs.