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글로벌 혁신 네트워크에서 중국의 부상과 대응 전략(The rise of China in global innovation networks and its implications on Korean innovation policy)

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  • 글로벌 혁신 네트워크에서 중국의 부상과 대응 전략(The rise of China in global innovation networks and its implications on Korean innovation policy)
  • Kim, Seok-Kwan김석관; 홍성범; 허다혜; 전찬미; 박정호
  • 과학기술정책연구원


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Title 글로벌 혁신 네트워크에서 중국의 부상과 대응 전략(The rise of China in global innovation networks and its implications on Korean innovation policy)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Kim, Seok-Kwan

Author(Korean)

김석관; 홍성범; 허다혜; 전찬미; 박정호

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2011-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 11-13
ISBN 978-89-6112-157-6
Pages 202
Subject Country China(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

One of the most important changes seen in the global competitive scenes
during the first decade of 21 century is that some developing countries once
linked to global production networks by playing production roles in the
international division of labour are now moving to upstream of value chains and
playing R&D roles to become main actors in the global innovation networks.
China is the most vivid case witnessing this change. China is changing from
world factory to world laboratory. Since a few foreign R&D centers made a
footprint at Beijing in the early 1990s, more than 6,000 foreign R&D centers had
been established by 2009 and over 350 firms among global 500 firms have their
R&D sites in China now. As manufacturing sites of global firms moved to China
massively in 1980-1990s, we have seen similar rushes of R&D centers to China
in 2000s. This change has profound impacts on developed and developing
countries alike. To examine this important phenomena and its implications, in this
report I sketched the emerging trends of global innovation networks in general
and R&D offshorings in China in particular. I reviewed comprehensively several
key surveys on foreign R&D sites in China and other recent researches on this
issue. I also added several case studies of firms which founded R&D centers in
China. Based on these studies, I draw some implications on Korean firms and
government.