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전염성 동물질병에 대한 과학기술적 대응방안

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  • 전염성 동물질병에 대한 과학기술적 대응방안
  • 서지영; 김석관; 성지은; 정교민; 이미영
  • 과학기술정책연구원


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Title 전염성 동물질병에 대한 과학기술적 대응방안
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

서지영; 김석관; 성지은; 정교민; 이미영

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2011-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 11-12
ISBN 978-89-6112-173-6
Pages 229
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

Today, infectious diseases in animals like FMD or AI have become a big social
problem in the following aspects. First, social and economic damage has increased by
the diseases. Second, the predictability of the disease is lower and the speed of
infection is higher due to the ecosystem change and globalization. Therefore, the need
to strengthen risk management capabilities are increasing. Third, there is no systematic
responding plan to the diseases happening repeatedly. Fourth, integrated and scientific
approach is required to curb the possibility of future occurring of diseases.
However, the current status of Korea's response to infectious diseases in animals
has a number of problems. First, there are few long-term coping strategies in science
and technology policy. Second, most of the main subjects of research and development
have organizational limitations. In particular, National Veterinary Research and
Quarantine Service which is the center of animal disease research has not been able
to respond appropriately to the broad demands of the research and development.
Third, there are difficulties in doing previous studies and manpower training because
the research and development has be done to solve just urgent problems. Fourth, the
scientific diseases control system is not working properly. Korea has few vaccine
manufacturing technology and does not research measures to validate effects of
vaccines. Fifth, the ability to respond to the scene is low because the disease control
system is too centralized and hierarchical.
This paper presents five policy recommendations as follows. First, the transition
from production-increasing-oriented stockbreeding policy to sustainability-oriented
policy should be done. Second, the integrated national R&D coordination institution
should be established for the critical control of diseases in the national disaster level.
Third, the proactive response system should be established with the specialization of
the R&D subjects and the diversification of R&D areas. Fourth, the reliability of risk
communications has to be increased with the construction of the networked risk
management system. Fifth, the risk management governance with the participation of
various stakeholders should be established.