콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Industry and Technology Science/Technology

Print

미래지향형 과학기술혁신 거버넌스 설계 및 개선방안(Designing a new science, technology and innovation (STI) governance in Korea)

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • 미래지향형 과학기술혁신 거버넌스 설계 및 개선방안(Designing a new science, technology and innovation (STI) governance in Korea)
  • Seong, Jieun; Song, Wichin; Jung, Byung-Kul; Chang, Young-Bae성지은; 송위진; 정병걸; 장영배
  • 과학기술정책연구원


link
Title 미래지향형 과학기술혁신 거버넌스 설계 및 개선방안(Designing a new science, technology and innovation (STI) governance in Korea)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Seong, Jieun; Song, Wichin; Jung, Byung-Kul; Chang, Young-Bae

Author(Korean)

성지은; 송위진; 정병걸; 장영배

Publisher

서울:과학기술정책연구원

Date 2010-12
Series Title; No 정책연구 / 10-10
ISBN 978-89-6112-115-6
Pages 222
Subject Country United States(Americas)
Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Germany(Europe)
Finland(Europe)
United Kingdom(Europe)
Netherlands(Europe)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Science/Technology
Holding 과학기술정책연구원

Abstract

In Korea there have quite recently been attempts to reorganize science,
technology and innovation (STI) governance focusing on the role and structure
of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC). The core of
reorganizing STI governance is to change the NSTC from an advisory committee
to a standing administrative commission under the President and to establish an
independent secretariat of the NSTC and thus enhance the expertise and
capabilities of the NSTC. In its current status as an advisory committee, the
NSTC is widely regarded as lacking in the capapcity for the overall coordination
of national R&D policies and as unable to carry out cross-ministerial coordination
largely because of its secretariat belonging to one specific ministry, that is, the
Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST). According to the NSTC
reorganization plans, the new NSTC will be able to deliberate on and distribute
75% of national R&D budgets, to conduct regular performance reviews and thus
to act virtually as a control tower for the national R&D policies.
Against this background, this study tries a critical analysis of policy discourses
on reorganizing STI governance in Korea and for this purpose briefly reviews
trends in STI policies and governance in major OECD countries. Based on this,
it strives to suggest some options for a new STI governance design in Korea for
the coming decades. The focus here is on the STI planning and coordination at the national level.
This study is structured in the following way. In Chpater Two we will have
a brief look at theoretical discussions on STI governance. Chapter Three attempts
a preliminary critical analysis of prevailing discourses on STI governance reform
in Korea from an innovation policy integration perspective. Chapter Four follows
up and identifies common trends in institutional designs of STI governance in
major OECD countries. Chapter Five sketches out some options for a new STI
governance design in Korea.
This study proposes three options for a new STI governance design in Korea.
The first option is to modify the current STI governance in a marginal
incremental way. The second option is to establish a network governance for STI
from a national innovation system (NIS) perspective, emphasizing the need for
shared vision and mutual learning among innovation actors to tackle major social
issues and challenges and thus anticipating long term institutional changes leading
to changes in the way people behave and do things. The third option is to strive,
while maintaining a NIS perspective, to deal with in a more fundamental way
institutional limitations of STI governance in Korea, which are bound up with
broader social and political systemic problems in Korea.