The Northeast Asian region is one of the most rapidly growing regions in the world owing to the China effects. Especially, China is trying to develop enormous port projects in Shenzhen and Shanghai to handle increasing import and export cargos. More recently Chinese government developing Bohai rim region as a new center of Chinese economic growth. Japan also goes ahead with Super Hub Port Project to recover past renowned status of domestic ports in Northeast Asian region. Super Hub Port Project is an effort aimed at reducing port costs by 30% and shortening lead time from three or four days today to approximately one day, by efficiently operating large-scale container terminals having three or more berths, a feature unprecedented in Japan, on an integrated basis under a single operator, in order to achieve a cost and service level that surpasses Asia’s other main ports. In Korea, Busan New Port and Gwangyang Port anre constructing over 60 berths until 2011 and Incheon, Pyeongtaek, Saemangeum, which are located in southwest part of Korean peninsula, are also driving mega port projects. Such a port construction competition in the Northeast Asian countries could cause serious problems such oversupply of port, waste of investment fund and logistical inefficiency in the region.
The main purpose of this study is to develop a port alliance among Northeast Asian countries as a creative regional cooperation instead of hard-power competition in port development. For that purpose, we conduct an in-depth analysis of maritime logistical network and supply-demand in the Northeast Asian port industry. After that we suggest establishment scheme for port alliance among the Northeast Asian ports and present some cases for successful port alliance as practical candidates for logistical cooperation between Korea, China, Japan, Russia and North Korea.
Chapter 2 reviews previous literatures on port alliance. First of all, we review the motivation, formation process and success factors of strategic alliance. After that we examine previous studies on port alliance and oversea cases. Port alliance can be defined as a strategy for ensure a port’s competitive position using mutual resources. For more specifically, port authority can try port alliance to increase potential synergies through establishment of new sea route, exchange of information and human resources, joint development and operation of port and hinterland distripark and joint terminal operation.
Chapter 3 describes global trends affecting port industry and trends affecting port industry and trade structure among Korea, China and japan. The main global trends affecting ports are as follows; consolidation of port and shipping industry, increase of shipping line’s involvement in port business, increase of strategic alliance between terminal operators and shipping lines, enhancement of port security and safety, upsizing of container vessel, and increase of cooperation among ports.
Trade volume among Korea, China and Japan has been growing very rapidly. The pivot of intra-trade pattern among Korea, China and Japan has changed from Japan in the middle of 1990s to China in 2005. And the share of high-tech industry and middle-high technology industry in intra-trade is increasing.
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- 동북아시장의 역내 항만얼라이언스 구축방안 연구(Strategies for the development of port allinace in the Northeast Asian region)
- 임영태; 한철환
동북아시장의 역내 항만얼라이언스 구축방안 연구(Strategies for the development of port allinace in the Northeast Asian region)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2008-2|
|Subject Country||Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
|Subject||Economy < Trade|