Since 1980 the value of IP has drawn public attention in Korea not only as an
outcome of R&D, but also as a driving force of economic growth. Recently, the relevant
government authorities are supporting Korean industries to enhance their IP
competitiveness, facing aggressive IP strategies such as international patent trolls.
Reflecting their efforts, the R&D investments and the number of patent applications
in Korea have constantly increased to 34 trillion won and 171 thousands, respectively,
as of 2008. However, the technology trade deficit, which indicates the
economic value of IP, has widened from $2700 million in 2004 to $2900 million
in 2006 and $3200 million in 2008. In other words, the quantitative increases in IP
outcomes are not accompanied by qualitative improvements and the due success in
Raising the global competence in IP involves not only national IP strategies, but
also R&D and business strategies which create and utilize IP outcomes. In other
words, a sound ecosystem comprised of planning R&D, creating IP, and realizing
market utilization is essential to convert IP into economic values.
In the light of the discussion, the government policies so far can be criticized as
supply-oriented IP strategies which have focused on creation-utilization-protect of IP
without considering the nature of IP. The policy supports mainly aim at protecting
IP against copying and promoting patent applications. In terms of utilization of IP, they finance IP evaluations for technology transfer and commercialization, and production
of prototypes. In nature, IP protection requires proper institutional and perceptional
environments; IP creation requires systematic efforts putting emphasis on
the value of IP from the very beginning stage of R&D planning; and IP utilization
requires a sophisticated IP business model. In sum, the primary political viewpoint
should be switched from supply-oriented to demand-oriented, which understands and
accommodates the market-specific needs.
This report suggests sectoral IP policy measures by investigating five representative
high-tech industries: pharmaceutical; nano; IT; software; and new & renewable
energy. The analysis on the innovation and IP characteristics of the industries reveals
the following points.
First, in the pharmaceutical-industry a research project is called for to meet the
international trends in IP policy and patent, along with R&D investments to obtain
the core patents.
Second, interdisciplinary and cooperative R&D projects have major importance in
the nano-industry, in line with the recent surge of R&D projects of convergence
technology. Timely investigations on the global trends of R&D and patents in the
field are also required.
Third, the IT and software industries, appointed as the main growth engines, have
received measurable supports. However, they are still vulnerable to patent trolls
which became more and more aggressive in recent years. To meet the situation, the
government should pay attention to standardizing technologies, developing effective
business models, and promoting patent pooling. Moreover, the active venture and
small firms in the field are to be cared for.
Lastly, the new & renewable energy industry, which is emerging as a global issue,
should be considered in the theme of 'Green Growth,' as well as of nurturing domestic
industries. In this respect, government supports in this field should reside in the
area of cooperative research and institutional revision of technology evaluation. Most
important is to establish the reasonable and consistent policy keynote.
- 산업특성에 따른 지식재산(IP) 경쟁력 제고 방안(Sectoral IP(intellectual property) policy to become an IP powerhouse)
- Sohn, Soo J.손수정; 조가원; 김석관; 임채윤; 김종선; 최승재; 민정원; 장관용; 이정찬
산업특성에 따른 지식재산(IP) 경쟁력 제고 방안(Sectoral IP(intellectual property) policy to become an IP powerhouse)
|Series Title; No||정책연구 / 10-08|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < Science/Technology|