When five-day work week is introduced, leisure activities will changes greatly both in quantity and quality. Accordingly the demand for leisure spaces and facilities will be increased sharply and in response to this, both the public and private sectors will have to make a lot of efforts to develop leisure space. It is an important issues in the Capital Region where almost half the leisure demand exists. This study aims to investigate the change of leisure pattern according to the future change in leisure environment including five-day work week and identify the effective measures for outdoor recreation resources development.
In the study, the national tourism activity survey by the Korea National Tourism Corporation (KNTC) and the survey be the Korea Tourism Research Institute were utilized as main sources for the analysis and also, the surveys of the residents in the Capital Region and experts were carried out. The leisure activity classification by KNTC was used in this study. For outdoor recreation resources, general and legal classifications were mainly used, which were divided into five types; natural and eco-resources, sports, recreation, rest and exhibition space.
The individual economic and social characteristics to determine readiness for leisure participation don’t change sharply even though five-day work week is implemented. But as the number of holidays and leisure time increase and a difference may be shown in the awareness and motivation of leisure activities and the accessibility to leisure facilities. Another important factor is the economic condition, and all these factors work mixedly. As of July 2002, the business establishments adopting Saturday off are 284 or 6.1% out of 4,653 with more than 100 employees. When five-day work week settles down, annul holidays will increase by about 40 days. But what matters more is successive two-day off, which will affect leisure activity a lot in quantity and quality.
In 2001, national leisure activity participation rate was 96.7% and amounted to 330 million persons, increased by 26.0% from that of 1993 but decreased by 4.7% from 1997 when IMF began. The total amount of leisure activity participation in the Capital Region is 164 million persons or 50% of the national total. The amount of leisure activities carried out in the Region is 84.8 million persons, about 25.6% of the national total. The leisure activities increased due to the five-day work week is estimated to be 20% of the total activities carried out in the region or 16.8 million persons, which make the total leisure activities 127 million persons including foreign participation. Increased activities expected to be in the future are leisure-sports, recreation, rest and viewing natural wonders. The form of leisure activities is expected to be changed into individual character development, self-development, creative working, mechanical oriented, family oriented and city escape types. The leisure pattern in the Capital Region is not expected to be much different from national pattern.
As of 2001, various leisure spaces and facilities exist in the Capital Region. Considering the size and population of the region, nature-oriented leisure spaces are few while the facilities-oriented spaces are at appropriate level. Passive activities such as viewing natural wonders have decreased, while sports activities such as skiing and golf have increased sharply. Evaluation of the leisure space development is negative for the most part in the Capital Region, especially the progress of the tourist site development. The survey indicates that leisure space demand in the future will be increased in the order of leisure sports, viewing natural wonders, exhibition facilities/viewing art, cultural ruins, historical site, recreation and rest space. (The rest is omitted)
- 레저행태변화와 여가공간 조성방안 연구(Leisure activity changes and outdoor recreation resources development in the capital region)
- 윤양수; 김의식
레저행태변화와 여가공간 조성방안 연구(Leisure activity changes and outdoor recreation resources development in the capital region)
수도권 지역을 중심으로
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2002-4|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Industry and Technology < General
Territorial Development < National Land Development