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수도권 과밀해소 및 지방육성방안(A study on strategies packages for the balanced regiona; development in Korea)

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  • 수도권 과밀해소 및 지방육성방안(A study on strategies packages for the balanced regiona; development in Korea)
  • 박양호; 김현식
  • 국토연구원


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Title 수도권 과밀해소 및 지방육성방안(A study on strategies packages for the balanced regiona; development in Korea)
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

박양호; 김현식

Publisher

경기도:국토연구원

Date 2000-10
Series Title; No 국토연 / 2000-52
Pages 140
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding 국토연구원

Abstract

This is a study to propose a package of policy strategies for the balanced regional development in Korea. This study is consisted of two parts. The first part is an examination of the regional disparities between the capital region and other provincial regions in Korea. Overconcentration of key socio-economic as well as political and central administrative functions into the capital region is a critical issue that has to be mitigated for the balanced territorial development in Korea. The capital region which is consisted of Seoul, Inchon and Kyonggi Province occupies only 11.8 percent of national territory and 46.3 percent of national population. The concentration of major social, economic and political functions in the capital regions is remarkable. For example, 84.3 percent of national level public authorities, 88.5 percent of the head offices of the 30 largest companies, 77.1 percent of venture companies, 72.6 percent of research institute established by business firms, 72.9 percent of foreign investment companies, and eight of top ten universities are concentrated in the capital region. A critical concern of the overconcentration is that the trend has not weakened in recent years in spite of various measures to curb the concentration, sustaining spatial disparities of development.
The second part of the study proposes eight strategies for the decentralization of key functions and promotion of provincial regions. They are: 1) the relocation of national level public authorities toward provincial cities; 2) the promotion of provincial cities as strategic foci accommodate relocating public authorities and leading regional development; 3) the strategic fostering of regional industries; 4) the regional specialization of education; 5) the strategic development of rural areas; 6) the creation of regional development fund and differential assistance based on regional characteristics; 7) the establishment of intergovernmental implementation system for regional development: and 8) step by step implementation of these seven strategies.
The study emphasizes that the relocation of public authorities from the capital region toward provincial regions should take a central role. This is because the attraction of private companies toward provincial regions will require a long time or impossible without the decentralization of public sectors. An effective measure for the relocation of public sector is to promote provincial cities that accommodate decentralized public authorities. Other strategies also should be executed one after another. A prerequisite of spatial policy for balanced regional development is the strong commitment and sustained efforts of the central government to execute above strategies for an extended period of time, at least for a decade from now.

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