Lots of large scale development projects including new town, residential sites, industrial and tourist parks have been carried out in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) for the last two decades. The number and quantity of projects have been rapidly increasing most recently. Such development projects bring about serious social problems such as an environment disruption, traffic congestion and the increase of land price in SMA.
In order to deal with these problems, it is necessary to understand the real state of problems and to prepare some proper countermeasures, and now it is time to do them. The aims of this study are divided into three parts. The first one is to examine and analyze various large scale development projects carried forward in SMA. Secondly through the examination on each development project, impact variables and factors deepening problems would be analyzed and evaluated. Thirdly some policy issues would be established, and reform measures of the policy and institution for protecting the environmental aggravation of capital region would be suggested.
The case study method for analyzing the situation of development projects was used. As case regions for the study, Paju and Youngin cities where lots of projects are performing were selected. In order to compare the two selected regions with other regions, Ilsan and Bundang New Twons were chosen. Thus the comparison will give us some suggestions to lay out the scheme for the din and bustle of SMA.
Observing the present condition of large scale development projects in SMA, most projects for developing residential sites and industrial parks are concentrated in Paju, Suwon and Youngin Cities. Paju City lies at the north of Seoul, and Suwon and Youngin Cities are situated to the south of Seoul. Especially lots of development projects have been concentrated on youngin city, which brigns about many problems concerned with the utilization of public facilities.
67 development projects have been carried out in SMA since 1984, and 44 projects are situated within ‘Over Concentration Control Region’ accounting on the 65% if total projects. The projects related to the housing land developments were for the most parts in ‘Over Concentration Control Region’. While large scale projects at ‘Growth management Region’ largely consist of industrial and tourist park developments, and any projects were not built at ‘Nature Preservation Region’.
In terms of development area size, the residential site projects carried out in SMA are focused on projects that belong to 1 million-5 million㎡ accounting for 76% of total projects (40 projects), and the projects for tourist park also are concentrated on the small size under 1 million ㎡.
On the other hand, projects over 10 million ㎡ are only 3 sites. Consequently small and medium size projects were mainly carried out in SMA, which could bring to the lack of high-level public services.
On the basis of the analysis about the supply of public facilities, wide differential points among the case of regions could not be found. However, some specific wide area facilities in the regions related to the new town development are more than facilities of the regions involving individual large scale developments, namely, the supply of roads, traffic facilities and sewage disposal plants in Bundang and Ilsan new town seems to be satisfactory in contrast to the supply of Youngin city.
In relation to educational facilities, the supply of nursery and primary school in Youngin city is more than one of Bundang New Town, but in the case of secondary school, Bundang New Town is more satisfactory than Youngin City. There is little difference between the two regions in the supply of other facilities such as cultural, athletic and public service facilities. (The rest is omitted)
- 수도권 대규모 개발사업의 집합적 파급영향 분석 및 제도개선 방안(Agglomeration problems and policy directions of large-scale development projects in capital regions)
- 박상우; 박형서; 이범현; 변세일
수도권 대규모 개발사업의 집합적 파급영향 분석 및 제도개선 방안(Agglomeration problems and policy directions of large-scale development projects in capital regions)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2005-11|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development
Territorial Development < Environment