This research is the second part of a study carried out over a two-year period. The first part of the research presented directions to a systematic development of the ‘Livable City Making’ by analyzing representative cases of the Livable City Making in Korea. The second part of the research aims to derive strategies to tackle challenges confronting those who actually deal with the process of the Livable city making. The study explores institutional improvements required to implement these strategies so as to support an efficient and effective promotion of the Livable City Making. Here, the term ‘city’ is not only an administrative unit, but means settlements of human beings. Therefore, the spatial scope of this research is, while urban and rural areas are included, primarily the small unit of communities in promotion of the Livable City Making. The study focuses on presenting useful strategies to accomplish the goal of Livable City Making.
This research is consisted of six chapters including the Introduction. First of all, Chapter 2 explains the meaning of ‘Livable city Making’ and the importance of community participation in urban planning. Chapter 3 evaluates government’s policies for the Livable City Making since the 1990’s and derives challenges. Chapter 4 discusses the values and principles for the Livable City Making, along with the promotion directions, strategies for each stage of the promotion, and methods to encourage active participation. Chapter 5 presents major strategies for the Livable city Making centering on the major tasks including eliciting of participation, sharing of the vision, establishment of a collaborative network among participants, leadership building and strengthening of resident capacity. Lastly, Chapter 6 concludes the research presenting future directions to a successful Livable City Making in Korea.
2. Meaning and Importance of Livable City. Making
The Livable City Making has been used in different ways in Korea depending on policies and daily habits, but not on the basis of the main theoretical ground. However, this research focuses on the common goals including living space, resident participation and community. In this sense, the research look at the Livable City Making as a matter of improving human settlements by each community through social, economic, physical and environmental approaches.
Chapter 2 discusses the importance of community and community participation. The reason a community-based approach is required is that what controls a person’s daily life and what determines the quality of the daily life are closely related to the quality of the daily living space. In this sense, promoting the Livable City Making at the city level is limited. At the community level, it is easier to promote a project involving residents. In addition, differently from national projects, community-based projects can create results and can be evaluated in a short period of time. The success of each project enhances the trust in the Livable city Making and strengthens the passion for the following projects.
The reason citizen participation is important can be enumerated as follows; first, Livable city Making projects in partnership with citizens can reflect the practical requirements of regional communities compared to plans set up by a specific group. This way, the community can own the project and its objectives, which makes it easier to achieve more participation. Second, citizen participation allows for more ideas and more possibilities for a successful project. Third, community wisdom can be harnessed to reduce risks a project might take. (The rest is omitted)