The technopark can be seen as an organized space, where technology and R & D are given priority, and where an evolving technical culture leads ultimately to successful innovations. The crucial actors in regional innovation system are the institutions that stimulate innovation and those specialized in the provision of research expertise to other players in the region.
The existence of a technopark, defined as the spatial agglomeration of high-tech activities and business, may be an essential catalyst in the innovation process. The technopark can evolve and may become a technopole once cooperation structures between different units have given rise to the emergence of recognizable specific competences, and it has proved able to attract new productive organizations.
This study explains the current status and role of the six technoparks and expores the process of institutional learning. The six technoparks are Songdo Technopark, Ansan Technopark, Chungnam Technopark, Gwangju 〮 Jeonnam Technopark, Daegu Technopark and Gyeonbuk technopark.
The study is organized as follows: Chapter 2 reviews theoretical background on technopark and regional innovation system, policies on regional innovation strategies in foreign countries and the development of the technopark related projects in Korea. Chapter 3 analyses the characteristics, major gains and problems of six technoparks in aspects of funding, locations and spaces, firm innovation support system and regional technological innovation system. Chapter 4 provides the evaluation and institutional contribution with technoparks. Chapter 5 contains policy implications to develop successful technoparks in Korea.
Firstly, the criteria and concepts used to define a technopark (i.e. planned cluster are discussed; a definition of a technopark in Korea is then presented. And then the relation between technopark and regional innovation system is considered. The techonopark can be considered an engine of regional innovation system.
Secondly, services provided by technoparks and roles and current status of technoparks are summarized. Special attention is given to funding, spatial structure, firm innovation support system and regional innovation system. Funding institutions consist of central and regional government, universities and the private sector. Technoparks provide the support system in aspects of incubation, cooperation of research and development, information, proto-type production, education and training. But they have some problems. For example, the level of technology provided by some technopark is relatively low (not world first, but firm first) and network linking between technology and market is weak.
Thirdly, the characteristics and institutional development in technoparks are presented. Although technoparks have some problems, they are contributed to building the regional innovation support system and institutional development. The first Korean technopark with an technological orientation was created in the Daejon area (Daedeok Research Park) in 1973.
Daedeok Research Park was constructed for twenty years from 1973 to 1992. No milieu of innovation formed in the area and no linkage or feedback developed with manufacturing or application of any kind in the first two decades of its existence. But important conditions affecting the incidence of high-technology spin-offs in a Daedeok Research Park over time. In these days, the high-tech start-up fever is occurring around Daedeock Research Park. (The rest is omitted)
- 시범 테크노파크 사업과 지역혁신체제 구축(Model technopark project and building the regional innovatio system in Korea)
시범 테크노파크 사업과 지역혁신체제 구축(Model technopark project and building the regional innovatio system in Korea)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2001-62|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|