There have been large discrepancies in terms describing new urban settlements, especially new towns. In recent decades the terms new town, new community, new town in-town, satellite town, and others have been used interchangeably. In Korea, several new towns were developed in the Capital Region and in the South coastal Region. Since 1962 the Ulsan city has been constructed as an earliest type of new town for a backup residential area of industrial complex. Then the five new Towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Area were developed in 1996 for decentralizing overcrowded population.
The purposes of this study are to evaluate the five new towns in the Seoul metropolitan Area and to suggest the policy improvement alternatives for the future new town development. The five new towns, Bundang, Ilsan, Pyungchon, Sanbon and Joondong were the results of increasing concern for better living that came with successful economic development, even though we now are suffering from the IMF situation.
The content of the study consists of six parts. The first chapter is introduction about objectives, scope and methodology of the study. The second chapter reviews the previous studies with respect to both the concept and the types of new town, then digs into the background of the five new towns in Seoul Metropolitan Area, The third chapter closely examines the land use plan and the important functions and facilities of the five new towns. The proportion between residential function and green open space function is deeply explored for the purpose of better quality of life. The fourth chapter analyzes and evaluates the five new towns in accordance with the process of specific development stages. The four stages are classified ; planning stage, land acquisition stage, land development stage and land provision stage. In the fifth chapter, three policy improvement alternatives are proposed in order to cope with the future new town development based on the evaluation and the prospect of changes in domestic and international circumstances. The public sector, the private sector and the sector for revising the current law for policy alternatives are considered and proposed. The last chapter summarizes the conclusion, future studies and policy recommendations. In addition, the study carried out foreign case studies of new towns in United Kingdom, France and Japan.
The policy recommendations are summarized as follows :
•Two hypotheses are prevailed in the current housing market under the IMF hypotheses are
prevailed in the current housing market under the IMF situation. The one is the possibility that the price of housing and land is going to be skyrocketed due to the housing supply shortages in the case of the successful recovery of national economy after the IMF situation. The other one is the stability in housing demand that the price of real estates is going to be maintained in formal status due to both the income reduction and the deregulation of various kinds of housing and land acts.
• The construction of new towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Area is highly recommended. At least three new towns accommodated 100,000 persons should be constructed in every year until 2011. The future type of new town ins needed to be a low and medium density without traffic congestion, air pollution and noise.
• The five new towns in the Seoul Metropolitan Area have some strengthes and drawbacks retrospecting the process of almost ten years construction periods. The negative evaluation of new town development should be wiped out in the viewpoint that continious new towns provision is essential. Since 1990 the usage of the terminology of “new town” has been restricted in open debate. The publicity for discussions of new town development is strongly recommended.
- 신도시 개발정책 개선방안 연구(A study on the policy improvement for the new town development)
- 신정철; 김상조
신도시 개발정책 개선방안 연구(A study on the policy improvement for the new town development)
경기도 : 국토개발연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 98-12|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|