The purpose of this study, as seen in the title, is to establish the basic framework for the revision of the fourth Comprehensive National Territorial Plan (CNTP) of Korea. The study covers the background of the plan, conditions and future prospects of territorial development, vision and goals of the plan, national territorial structure, major strategies, and implementation system of the new plan.
The Comprehensive National Territorial Plan (CNTP) is the nation’s foremost comprehensive planning document to give direction to long-range territorial development of the country. The plan precedes other comprehensive plans by local governments, and sectoral plans should be initiated in accordance with the CNTP. There have been four CNTPs since 1972, and the latest plan for the years between 2000 and 2020 went into effect in 2000. However, the Fourth CNTP had to be revised due to numerous circumstances arising at home and abroad since the establishment of the plan, which are considered to critically affect the national territory. Some of the examples are as follows: the opening of the high speed railway, the New Administrative City construction, the relocation of public agencies outside the Capital region, the 40 hour work week policy and the rapid rise of China.
An interdisciplinary research team was established as the main body of planning in March 2004 with chairpersons of the President of Korea Research Institute for Human Settlements and the vice minister of the Ministry of Construction and Transportation. It is comprised of a total of 210 experts from all walks of life and is divided into 10 research divisions. The team has had collected opinions from meetings including meetings for research and consultations, sectoral discussions, public hearings and an international workshop.
The revision plan covers the period from 2006 to 2020 and will go into effect January 2006. The plan envisions the realization of the dynamic and integrated territory in the 21st century. The plan sets five goals: a balanced territory, an open territory (for international competitiveness), a welfare territory (for quality of life), a green territory (for sustainable development), and a unified territory (for reunification of North and South Korea).
Territorial development axes for achieving the basic goals are the three open territorial axes and the ‘seven plus one’ economic regions. Firstly, the three open territorial axes are South Coastal Axis, West Coastal Axis and East Coastal Axis. Each axis will be nurtured as a base for achieving the following different goals: the South Coastal Axis for strengthening marine logistics and industrial competitiveness towards Pan-Pacific Ocean, the West Coastal Axis for promoting growth engine based on international logistics and business, new industry and cultural tourism towards Northeast Asia including China, and the East Coastal Axis for advancing towards Eurasia and interacting between South and North Korea.
Whereas the three axes are steps towards openness, the ‘seven plus one’ economic regions are for decentralized and balanced territorial development. It aims to establish territory with multiple-nucleus and linking structure so that regional self-sufficiency and co-existence can be promoted. The regions are the basic territorial units of seven economic regions such as the Capital Region, Gangwon Region, Chungcheong Region, Jeonbuk Region, Gwangju Region, Daegu Region and Busan Region, plus one: Jeju province. Each economic region will be nurtured as a basic unit for self-sufficient and internationally competitive regions based on the specialized industries and the revision plan includes detailed plans prepared for each of the economic regions. (The rest is omitted)
- 약동하는 통합국토를 위한 국토계획 기본골격 연구(Basic framework of the new territorial plan for dynamic and intergrated national territory)
- 서태성; 이원섭; 윤혜철; 조진철; 박세훈; 정옥주; 박인권; 임상연
약동하는 통합국토를 위한 국토계획 기본골격 연구(Basic framework of the new territorial plan for dynamic and intergrated national territory)
제4차 국토종합계획 수정계획 수립을 위한 기초 연구(For the revision of the 4th comprehensive national territorial plan)
|Series Title; No||국토연자 / 2005-3|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < National Land Development|