콘텐츠 바로가기
로그인
컨텐츠

Category Open

Resources

tutorial

Collection of research papers and materials on development issues

home

Resources
Government and Law Political Systems
Government and Law National security

Print

Breaking with the past? Civil-military relations in the emerging democracies of East Asia

Related Document
Frame of Image
  • Breaking with the past? Civil-military relations in the emerging democracies of East Asia
  • Croissant, Aurel; Kuehn, David; Lorenz, Philip
  • East-West Center


link
Title Breaking with the past? Civil-military relations in the emerging democracies of East Asia
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Croissant, Aurel; Kuehn, David; Lorenz, Philip

Publisher

Honolulu:East-West Center

Date 2012
Series Title; No Policy Studies / 63
ISBN 978-0-86638-227-4
Pages 86
Subject Country Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Government and Law < Political Systems
Government and Law < National security
Holding East-West Center

Abstract

In recent decades, several East Asian nations have undergone democratic transitions accompanied by changes in the balance of power between civilian elites and military leaders. These developments have not followed a single pattern: In Thailand, failure to institutionalize civilian control has contributed to the breakdown of democracy; civil-military relations and democracy in the Philippines are in prolonged crisis; and civilian control in Indonesia is yet to be institutionalized. At the same time, South Korea and Taiwan have established civilian supremacy and made great advances in consolidating democracy. These differences can be explained by the interplay of structural environment and civilian political entrepreneurship. In Taiwan, Korea, and Indonesia, strategic action, prioritization, and careful timing helped civilians make the best of their structural opportunities to overcome legacies of military involvement in politics. In Thailand, civilians overestimated their ability to control the military and provoked military intervention. In the Philippines, civilian governments forged a symbiotic relationship with military elites that allowed civilians to survive in office but also protected the military's institutional interests. These differences in the development of civil-military relations had serious repercussions on national security, political stability, and democratic consolidation, helping to explain why South Korea, Taiwan, and, to a lesser degree, Indonesia have experienced successful democratic transformation, while Thailand and the Philippines have failed to establish stable democratic systems.

User Note

The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Center.