Entering the 2000’s, social polarization has become a critical issue in various fields in Korea. In particular, economic polarization is regarded as the resulting consequences of the highly competitive capitalized economic system. This is a worldwide trend; however, what is notable is that the process of polarization in Korea is excessively rapid compared to other countries. Polarization may bring about social conflicts if left unattended.
Polarization is a highly important issue in the housing sector, also. The average housing consumption level of the country has improved a lot thanks to the plans for massive housing projects since the 1990’s. However, the majority of low-income households still live in poor housing conditions. Households living in substandard housing amount to 23.4% of the total households as of 2000. The owner occupied ratio has slightly improved to 56%; that of local municipalities has been decreasing. However, the housing provision ratio of them is 106% while it is over 100% nationwide. In addition, the differentiated increase in housing price results in conflicts between those who have houses in the regions of rapid price increase and those in the regions of stable increase, and between homeowners and non-owners.
The purpose of this study is to diagnose polarization in the housing sector, figuring out the causes and impacts. It aims to propose policy reponses to mitigating the polarization. The study consists of vie parts, and in the first part, it defines “polarization in the housing sector” and selects proper measurement tools after reviewing several measurement methods.
The second part analyzes polarization in the housing sector using quintile distribution ratio. Economic power represented as assets and income, housing service level, and housing assets are analyzed by region and by class. Housing service here includes quantitative and qualitative indicators, affordability, and tenure security indicators.
In the third part, the housing status of the poor is reviewed in detail who represent the bottom-end part of the housing demanders. The group of the poor is divided into two; housing poor who does not own a house, and income poor who are classified as supporting group by the government.
In the fourth part, the relationships between housing polarization and polarization in other social sectors are analyzed before the study figures out the causes and effects of housing polarization. Because housing polarization is not separated from other problems, it would be more effective to solve problems with the housing sector associating it with problems with other sectors including economic power, health, and one’s values of life. Individual economic power is the direct cause of housing polarization while health and attitude towards life or values of life are some examples of indirect causes of housing polarization that are based on the economic power. The impacts of housing polarization are analyzed from two types of perspectives: housing service and housing asset.
Finally, the study proposes several policy responses to mitigating housing polarization in the country. It presents those suggestions that are aimed at improving economic power, health, and living environment, which can be promoted in the housing sector, as well as those that are for the housing sector itself.
- 주거양극화의 현황 및 과제(Social polarization in housing sector: Diagnosis and policy responses)
- 윤주현; 김혜승; 박천규
주거양극화의 현황 및 과제(Social polarization in housing sector: Diagnosis and policy responses)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2006-25|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < General
Social Development < Social Welfare