Housing issues can be summarized into two main subjects, one for eliminating mismatches of housing supply and deman, the other for improving qualities of living environemnts. Until recently housing policy has emphasized the increase in housing supply to resolve urban housing problems. Because of that policy, housing supply has drastically increased, especially during the 1990s, and thus the issue of shortage seems to be redressed. The remaining issue, i.e., improving living environments, is recently paid attentions.
Recently consumers prefer apartments which are in new towns. The reaseon includes the facts that living amenities of apartments are more qualifies, and their infrastrucrue is better installed. On the other hadn, detached housings in old towns have narrow access roads, congested parking lots, and limited neighborhood facilities, and so on.
There are various reasons why the living environments of detached housings in old towns are worsened. Among others, population density has increased due to the bold re-construction of the multi-families row-housings in the losts of the former single dtaeched. In fact, the government lolicy has supported such re-construction in order to resolve the housing shortage. Nevertheless the infrastructure has not been supplied enough to march such a re-development. Furthermore, residential standards applying to the detached housing has not been prepared. Institutions to improve the living conditions in the exising residential raeas are not prepared, neither.
This study aims to find out the situation of housing environemnts and problems thereof, and then to suggests policy alternatives for improving the qualitites of housing conditions. It conducts field survey to observe the real situations of housing conditions and to analyse the level of housing qualitites. The samples are collected among the detached housings located in Seoul and Seoul Metropolitan.
The study consists of five chapters including introduction, where research background, purposes and methodology are presented.
The second chapter reviews theories of residential environments and living standards. It examines the current situations of housing and living conditions, and analyses the trends of attitude of residents toward preferential living environments.
The third chapter examines the subjective attitude of residents in the areas of safety, healthy, conveniency, and amenity of their housing, with utilizing the standard Score Anaylsis.
The fourth chapter analyses the physical conditions of housings. It also the attitude of residents for their living conditions.
The fifth chapter is conclusion. It summarizes the resarch findings, proposes the future’s policy directions, and suggests policy recommendation.
Major recommendation are summarized as follows: First of all, housing policy in the future should emphasize on enhancing the standard of living conditions rather than on increasing the housing supply. The urgent tasks to be redressed include the stipulation of the standards for healthy living environments. Financial assistance to housing repairs or improvements should be enlarged, too. Infrastrucrue including adequate access roads and enough parking lots has to be adequately supplied in the existing residential zones. Reconstruction for the multi-row housing ahas to be regulated by requiring the satisfied living standards. New techniques for urband redevelopment and rehabilitation projects should be dviced in order to enhance the amenities of re-built housing envrionments.
- 주거환경의 질적 향상을 위한 정책방안(Quality of residential environments in Korea: Situations, problems and policy alternatives)
- 진정수; 박종택
주거환경의 질적 향상을 위한 정책방안(Quality of residential environments in Korea: Situations, problems and policy alternatives)
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 98-30|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < General|