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주택공급관련제도 개선방안 연구(Policy alternatives for the promotion of housing supply)

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  • 주택공급관련제도 개선방안 연구(Policy alternatives for the promotion of housing supply)
  • 진정수; 김생옥
  • 국토개발연구원


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Title 주택공급관련제도 개선방안 연구(Policy alternatives for the promotion of housing supply)
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Material Type Reports
Author(Korean)

진정수; 김생옥

Publisher

경기도:국토개발연구원

Date 1997-12
Series Title; No 국토연 / 97-20
Pages 143
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Original Format pdf
Subject Territorial Development < General
Holding 국토개발연구원

Abstract

This study begins with rasing questions as why housing supply system is indeed, whether housing programs have been implemented rationally and effectively, how housing supply system should be modified under the wake of de-regulation and changes in residential environments, and so on. It aimes to suggests policy alternatives for improvign housing supply system in accord with the era’s spirits including liberalization of hosuing market, advancement of living conditions, and effectiveness of housing policy administration.
In the 1960s, housing supply system was very simple and the role of the government was also limited to the public housing market. From the early 1970s when the government enacted the Housing Construction Promotion Law in 1972, the government has strongly intervened in the housing market. Facing with the repetitive occurrence of housing speculation, housing policies have swung between the extereme poles of anti-housing-speculation and ocnstruction activation. Since the early 1990s when the Program for Land Public Conception and the Real Name Registration System for Real Estate Transaction were introudeced, housing policies have returned from regulated to liberalized ones.
In the process of these spiral movements, the mis-match among the policy oriented target groups, the applicable groups, and the actual bying groups has emerged as the ciritical defect of houisng supply system. Particularly in the public housing supply, the policy target groups have been often unclearly defined, which caused measuring the policy effects be very difficult and thus efforts for enhancing the role of public housing policy in the housing market become less useful. For instance, the questions to whom, with what size, and with what prices, the public housing shall be provided are not easily answered due to the lack of clearly defined target groups.
The study consists of four chapters including introudction, where research background, puroses and methodology are presented.
The second chapter reviews the housing supply system in Korea. It analyses the current system for housing supply, including saving and deposit systems for application, criteria for selecting applicants, and their problems.
The third chapter analyses the housing supply system from both the demander’s and supplier’s perspectives. It includes the prior-sale system, the smaller-unites assignment ratio system, the regulations on unit siaze, and the ceiling of supplying prices system. For enhancing the research accuracy, case sutdies were conducted on both the public housing supplied by the Korean national Housing Corporation and the private housing supplied by the private construction companies, both of which were supplied during 1995-1996 in the Seoul metropolitan area.
The fourth and the last chapter summarizes the research findings, proposes the future’s policy directions, and suggests policy recommendation. The short-term recommendation is made under the current condition of the pricing ceilling system, while the long-term’s recommendation is made for the condition where the pricing ceiling system be moved out.
The urgent tasks to be redressed include the more clearly defining of the roles between the private and public, and of the criteria for selecting applicants. The de-regulated policy has to be emphasized in order to enhance the efficiency of housing market, while the criteria for obtaining equity and public welfare has to be emphasized in the public housing supply.

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