The objective of the study is to suggest policy directions in response to the structural changes of housing demand affected by aging population, low fertility and housing stock increase. The methodologies employed include the household survey to find the characteristics of the future housing preference by elderly household; the expert survey to find out the long-term trend of housing demand and demand characteristics; and foreign case studies about Japan and France.
The study is consisted of seven chapters. The first chapter is an introductory part that explains the objectives of the study, methodologies and the overall structure of the study. In the second chapter, the long-term trend of population, households and housing supply was analyzed. It shows that the population increase rate will decrease continuously and the national population will begin to decrease after 2018, and the proportion of elderly population (over 65 years) will increase from 7% in 2000 to 15.7% in 2020. As to households, the proportion of household will increased at 1.6% average rate every year. The housing supply ratio (the ratio of the number of housing units to the number of households) seems to reach 110% by the end of 2007 and the ration in many provincial small and medium sized cities reach 120%. The housing shortage in large metropolitan areas seems to be solved in the near future. As the result, the housing demand will decrease continuously and the number of housing construction per year will decrease to 450,000 units in 2020. The demand by elderly households and one person households will substantially increase the demand for officetel type housing and one-room housing. And the survey results shows that elderly households and one person households prefer inner city areas specially the places with good accessibility to the public transportation and various urban services such hospitals and large discount stores.
The chapter three briefly introduces current policies and provisions related with the Korean housing supply system. The housing system discussed in this chapter includes the division of roles between the public sector and the private sector, and between the central government and local governments; policies and provisions related with housing developments and housing supply; and residential locations and land development methods.
The chapter four explains the limitations of current policies and measures because of the structural changes of housing demand and other circumstances such as the limitation in further suburban sprawl in the capital region.
The chapter five analyzes foreign cases of Japan and France. The chapter first describes the socio-demographic changes and housing demand in the countries, and compares how they responded to the changing circumstances. And policy implications are drawn from the comparative analysis.
The chapter six suggests future polices and measures in respond to the structural changes of the housing demand. First, it is recommended that the intervention of the government in the housing market needs to be reduced as housing market gets stabilized, and public corporations should not get into the housing construction market for middle and upper income household. Also recommended are as the followings:
■To introduce the housing supply system to promote housing supply for elderly households
-To establish the policy target of barrier-free unit supply for elderly households.
-To promote the supply of housing units for the elderly in the areas with good accessibility to public transportation
-To prevent the elderly households segregated spatially from other age groups.
-To induce private developers to supply barrier-free housing units for the elderly households.
(The rest is omitted)
- 주택수급여건 변화에 대응한 주택공급체계 개편방안(New directions of the housing supply system)
- 배순석; 김근용; 전성제
주택수급여건 변화에 대응한 주택공급체계 개편방안(New directions of the housing supply system)
주택보급률 110%초과, 고령화 및 저출산에 대한 대응(Responding to the structural changes of housing demand)
경기도 : 국토연구원
|Series Title; No||국토연 / 2007-21|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < General
Social Development < Population