Since the advent of the women's liberation movement in the United States and Europe in the 1960s, and the UN proclamation of 1975 as International Women's Year, several studies concerning the status of women in Korea have been conducted. These studies, however, have failed to examine the role of Korean women in national development and the degree to which they participate in the decisionmaking process. This study examines both of these issues, and is therefore both innovative and valuable. An introductory chapter provides a brief literature review on the historical, political, legal, educational, and socioeconomic status of Korean women, and the research methodology in the present study. Several variables are examined: age, education, duration of marriage, economic status, consciousness of discrimination and women's status, and residence. A random sample of 866 Korean women from Seoul and six rural areas was drawn to test the hypothesis that Korean women will perform more effective roles in national development as they become more involved in decision making. Chapter two presents the study's theoretical framework by reviewing the improvement of women's status in light of feminist ideologies, changing sex roles, and the economic contribution of working women, and defines the concepts of status, power, authority, and role. Chapter three examines demographic, educational, and socioeconomic indicators of women's status, postulating that as womens' age, education, marital longevity, urban proximity, economic status, and consciousness of their status and of discrimination increase, so does their participation and power in the decision making process. In the final chapters, the above postulations are verified, thus confirming the study's central hypothesis regarding women's potential role in national development. Further research is suggested with additional indicators of religion, occupation, and family system. A study comparing this project's findings with the findings of similar projects in other countries, as well as a study of Korean men's views toward women's status, are also suggested. Footnotes and a 50-item bibliography (1956-77) are appended.