This paper is organized into four major sections: "Survey on Communal Feeding;" "Food and Nutrient Intake Studies on Pregnant, Lactating Women and Weaning Children;" "Nutrient Intake Level of the Average Rural Resident;" and "An Overview of Research on the Nutritional Status of Koreans." Communal Feeding (CF) is relatively new. It appeared two years ago and spread rapidly with the enthusiastic support of rural residents. Food and nutrient intake was surveyed by the precise weighing method on 524 participants of four CF villages from three provinces in Korea. Meals that the CF program provide to farmers supplied enough calories and all other nutrients, except riboflavin, to sustain them in the intensive work of harvesting. Surveys of pregnant, lactating women and weaning children in rural Korea indicated that their diet was generally unbalanced. Mean daily intakes of calories, niacin, thiamine, and ascorbic acid exceeded the recommended allowances for pregnant and lactating women, but vitamin A, calcium, and riboflavin intake was low. All nutrient intakes by weaning children were deficient, particularly in animal protein, calcium, iron, vitamin A, riboflavin, and vitamin C. The following recommendations are made: that the government decide that an adequate nutrition for all people is an appropriate national goal and set up a national nutrition policy; that special attention should be paid to the nutritional status of vulnerable groups such as pregnant, lactating women and weaning children; that the government should initiate the formulation, production, and distribution of weaning foods; that instruction in nutrition should be included in elementary school curriculum; that CF program should be encouraged and extended; and that consideration should be given to fortification of appropriate commodities with vitamin A, riboflavin, calcium and iron.