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Approaches to planning for secondary cities in developing countries

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  • Approaches to planning for secondary cities in developing countries
  • Rivkin Associates, Inc.; USAID(Bur. for Development Support)
  • United States Agency for International Development


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Title Approaches to planning for secondary cities in developing countries
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Rivkin Associates, Inc.; USAID(Bur. for Development Support)

Publisher

[Washington, D.C.]:United States Agency for International Development

Date 1982
Series Title; No Other USAID Supported Study, Document
Pages 252
Subject Country Kenya(Africa)
Tunisia(Africa)
Brazil(Americas)
Indonesia(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Territorial Development < National Land Development
Holding United States Agency for International Development

Abstract

Secondary cities - those just below the level of large metropolises and just above market communities and small towns - are or can become nodes of diversified economic development. This report discusses the characteristics of the secondary city in developing countries and the reasons for and various approaches to intervention in support of secondary cities; the effectiveness of urban planning and land use management; and the most practical forms of international assistance. Case studies are presented from five countries in varying stages of development - Brazil, Korea, Tunisia, Indonesia, and Kenya - which support programs to strengthen secondary cities. Reviewed are the approaches, experiences, and lessons of these countries' programs. Next, A.I.D.'s experience under its Land Use Programming Demonstration Project in Nicaragua, Thailand, and Ghana is briefly discussed. Lessons drawn from this experience are enumerated. The role of land use planning was found to be small, with long-term objectives given little credence, except in Korea; instead, project implementation was emphasized. International assistance should focus on selectively choosing communities to be assisted and on designing project packages and strategies for these communities. Appended is an outline for a secondary city appraisal report.