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Transition to an industrial economy in monsoon Asia

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  • Transition to an industrial economy in monsoon Asia
  • Oshima, Harry T.
  • United States Agency for International Development


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Title Transition to an industrial economy in monsoon Asia
Similar Titles
Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Oshima, Harry T.

Publisher

[Washington, D.C.]:United States Agency for International Development

Date 1982
Series Title; No Other USAID Supported Study, Document
Pages 136
Subject Country China(Asia and Pacific)
India(Asia and Pacific)
Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South-Eastern Asia(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < General
Holding United States Agency for International Development

Abstract

Making the transition from an agricultural to an industrial economy - defined as an economy in which the industrial labor force exceeds the agricultural labor force - is exceptionally difficult for the monsoon countries of Asia because of the peculiar structure of monsoon paddy agriculture. After a general analysis of the nature of this labor-intensive monsoon economy, this report examines how Taiwan and the Republic of Korea were able, in different ways, to move to an industrial society during the postwar decades ending in 1980 and discusses the inability of the Philippines, Thailand, and Indonesia to become industrial societies, along with the near success of West Malaysia, at the end of the 1970's. A final part briefly analyzes why the giants of Asia, India and China, failed to industrialize, whereas city-states such as Hong Kong and Singapore succeeded in doing so, although from their starting points as service rather than predominantly agricultural societies. The paper emphasizes the need, under monsoon conditions, to develop agriculture sufficiently before shifting to an industrial strategy if the transition is to be completed speedily and successfully. The difficulties encountered during the transition to heavy processing industries are identified. The relationship of a successful transition to full employment, lower income inequalities, and demographic changes is briefly traced. Sixteen tables are appended. (Author abstract, modified)