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Cereal feed use in the Third World : Past trends and projections to 2000

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  • Cereal feed use in the Third World
  • Sarma, J. S.
  • United States Agency for International Development


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Title Cereal feed use in the Third World
Similar Titles
Sub Title

Past trends and projections to 2000

Material Type Reports
Author(English)

Sarma, J. S.

Publisher

[Washington, D.C.]:United States Agency for International Development

Date 1986-12
Series Title; No Other USAID Supported Study, Document; Research report / 57
Pages 70
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Taiwan(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Industry and Technology < Agriculture
Holding United States Agency for International Development

Abstract

In developing countries, the use of cereals as livestock feed has long been outstripping their use as human food, a fact with profound implications for the food security of low-income people and for employment. Covering 104 developing countries, this study: analyzes the growth in cereal use for feed over the period 1966-80 with respect to regional, subregional, and income-related factors; forecasts feed use for the years 1990 and 2000, using alternative projections and assumptions; and discusses policy implications. The dynamic interaction between cereals as food supply and cereals as feed supply is illustrated by case studies of Taiwan and the Republic of Korea, showing that when income rises beyond a certain level, cereal consumption for food declines and consumption of livestock products increases, leading to increased demand for feedgrains. If this demand is not met, domestically or through imports, market forces can drive the prices of both meat and cereal beyond the reach of the poor. Possible strategies for preventing or mitigating this potential problem include (1) the use of labor-intensive, employment-generating livestock production methods and (2) research to increase feedgrain yields and/or substitute fodder and noncereal feeds. However, to formulate appropriate feed strategies, more reliable data on feed use by type of feed and by category of livestock output are needed. Included are 31 data tables and a 2-page bibliography (1980-86).