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한, 일 수출경쟁력의 변화유형과 기술수준의 관계(Changing pattern and relation with technological level of the Korean and Japanese export competitiveness)

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  • 한, 일 수출경쟁력의 변화유형과 기술수준의 관계(Changing pattern and relation with technological level of the Korean and Japanese export competitiveness)
  • Kim, Yongyul김용열
  • 대외경제정책연구원(Korea Institute for International Economy Policy)


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Title 한, 일 수출경쟁력의 변화유형과 기술수준의 관계(Changing pattern and relation with technological level of the Korean and Japanese export competitiveness)
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Kim, Yongyul

Author(Korean)

김용열

Publisher

[서울(Seoul)]:대외경제정책연구원(Korea Institute for International Economy Policy)

Date 2010-12
Journal Title; Vol./Issue 대외경제연구(Journal of East Asian Economic Integration):vol. 14(no. 2)(December 2010)
Pages 29
Subject Country Japan(Asia and Pacific)
South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language Korean
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Trade
Industry and Technology < General
Holding 대외경제정책연구원(Korea Institute for International Econom

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to explore empirically whether export competitiveness of Korea and Japan has changed since 1990s. Unlike existing literature, we tried to grasp changing patterns of export competitiveness by new methodology such as belonging quadrant and moving direction, rather than simply showing its trend or comparison classified by industry. And we categorized 48 sectors into some technological levelsThe purpose of this paper is to explore empirically whether export competitiveness of Korea and Japan has changed since 1990s. Unlike existing literature, we tried to grasp changing patterns of export competitiveness by new methodology such as belonging quadrant and moving direction, rather than simply showing its trend or comparison classified by industry. And we categorized 48 sectors into some technological levels, then analyzed how the change of export competitiveness is distributed by each technological level. When seeing ‘revealed comparative advantage’ and ‘trade specification index’, we found considerable changes in export competitiveness. Competitiveness of Korea has rapidly improved while that of Japan has been continuously decreasing. Especially the gap of competitiveness between Korea and Japan has largely reduced around the midterm of 2000s. Shrinking of the gap in export competitiveness has begun from the latter half of 1990s and first half of 2000s. Change of export competitiveness shows different trend by technology level. Korea has gained more competitiveness than Japan in high and middle level of technology. Korea shows upward tendency of competitiveness in mid and high technology, while Japan in low technology. Competitiveness gap between Korea and Japan is rapidly decreasing since the late 1990s, and curtailment of the gap is mainly happening in the high level of technological capabilities.