This study aims to evaluate the effects of childcare support policies on relieving the economic burden of households with childcare responsibilities. We use the data from Korea Welfare Panel Survey (KOWEPS) to analyze the effects childcare policies on households of different levels of income and different number of children. In this study, the childcare support policies are categorized into three areas: cash benefits including allowances and tax benefits; supports for childcare services; and parental leave system. We revise and use the indices from French family policy evaluation and the OECD Family database.
The results present that cash benefits childcare households received from the government have been increased. Although the government expanded tax benefits for households with two or more children, the amount of childcare households’ tax refund has not increased by much, with middle-income households receiving the least. Households with one child aged under 6 received more cash benefits per child than households with two or more children. Household expenditure on childcare services decreased little even as families received more benefits for childcare services from the government than they had before. The increase in parental leave benefits and the change of benefits from fixed amounts to fixed rates in real term has increased the income replacement level of parental leave benefits. Under the fixed amount system, the increase in parental leave benefits was more beneficial to low income households. However, the change to fixed rates system had a favorable effect on households with an income above the average and dual- income families. (The rest is ommitted)
- 자녀 양육 지원 정책 평가와 개선 방안(Evaluation and policy implications on child care support)
- 신윤정; 고제이; 이지혜; 윤자영
자녀 양육 지원 정책 평가와 개선 방안(Evaluation and policy implications on child care support)
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 2013-31-03|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|