Health impact assessment(HIA) has been defined by the World Health Organization as a combination of procedures, methods and tools by which a policy, programme or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.
Local governments have made large investments in development. Development projects come under the responsibility of a wide range of sector and the projects may have both positive and negative impacts. These impacts can affect the environment, public health, social structures and the demography of local communities.
The sustainability of development can be ensured only if the full range of potential impacts are assessed at an early stage using health impact assessment and environmental impact assessment.
A component of environmental impact assessment dealing specifically with impact on human health is often called "Environmental Health Impact Assessment(EHIA)". It is widely held that EHIA offers unique opportunities for the protection and promotion of human health.
- 지방자치단체 환경보건정책에 대한 건강영향평가(Health impact assessment on local government's environmental health policy)
- 김동진; 채희란; 김공현; 김진희; 김현두
지방자치단체 환경보건정책에 대한 건강영향평가(Health impact assessment on local government's environmental health policy)
서울 : 한국보건사회연구원
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 2012-49-2|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Territorial Development < Environment
Social Development < Health