This study aims to set the optimal level of child welfare expenditure. In order to determine that, it analyzes the present child welfare expenditure(and budget) of Korea in three different angles. First, in a Macro level, it compares the child welfare expenditure of Korea with that of other OECD economies to find current status of Korea and to establish plans for improvement. Secondly, in a Mezzo level, it examines the child welfare budget of the central and the local government of Korea to figure out how balanced and how well-financed that is. Thirdly, in a Micro level, it analyzes the amount of expenditures among local child welfare facilities. As a result, three potential scenarios in delineating the optimal level of child welfare expenditures are presented. Other major findings are as below.
As it comparing to the level of OECD child welfare expenditure, that of Korea is significantly low. The child welfare expenditure of Korea is only one third that of the OECD average. Other differences between the child welfare expenditure of Korea and that of other OECD economies are the type(cash or in-kind) of expenditure and the age(younger or older children)of the target group. In order to improve the spending structure, it is suggested to increase the total public expenditure on the child welfare policies, to expand the target groups as well as to adopt the cash benefits such as child benefits. In order to do so, the government should secure finances. Ways to finance the increased amount of expenditure is proposed, for example, by increasing taxes or by establishing the children's fund.
- 아동복지지출실태 및 적정 아동복지지출규모 추계(Child welfare expenditures and optimal child welfare expenditure estimation)
- 김미숙; 정익중; 이주연; 하태정
아동복지지출실태 및 적정 아동복지지출규모 추계(Child welfare expenditures and optimal child welfare expenditure estimation)
|Series Title; No||연구보고서 / 2012-39|
|Subject Country||South Korea(Asia and Pacific)|
|Subject||Social Development < Social Welfare|