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Government’s role in Korea’s economic development from a perspective of the institutions hypothe

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  • Government’s role in Korea’s economic development from a perspective of the institutions hypothe
  • Park, Sangin
  • Seoul National University


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Title Government’s role in Korea’s economic development from a perspective of the institutions hypothe
Similar Titles
Material Type Articles
Author(English)

Park, Sangin

Publisher

[Seoul]:Seoul National University

Date 2011
Journal Title; Vol./Issue Korean Journal of Policy:vo;. 26(no. 3)
Pages 14
Subject Country South Korea(Asia and Pacific)
Language English
File Type Link
Subject Economy < Economic Administration
Government and Law < Public Administration
Holding Seoul National University

Abstract

This paper divides economic institutions into three categories—coordination institutions, property rights institutions, and contracting institutions—and from this perspective, analyzes the role of government in Korea’s economic development from the 1960s to the 1980s. This analysis suggests that the Korean development experience is not in line with the conclusions of Acemoglu, Johnson, and Robinson (2001), since property rights institutions did not play a significant role in Korea’s economic development. Instead, the Korean government acted as coordination institutions, which effectively overcame the coordination failure of the market and succeeded in generating effective demand to spur sustainable growth. These results invite further comparative and empirical studies on how Korea came to have a dictator whose goal was consistent with the economic growth of the nation.